Pendersleigh & Sons Cartography — The Google Maps

INTRODUCTION

Over the years I’ve drawn maps, painted maps, and created digital maps. For the latter, I’ve most often used Google‘s My Maps program for several reasons. It’s relatively easy, looks relatively good, has pretty good functionality (e.g. links to websites and decent customization) and because Alphabet Inc. (Google’s parent company) is the fourth-largest company in the world — which leads me to believe, whether rightly or wrongly, that using their maps will positively affect my web traffic allowing more readers to hopefully enjoy my work. In the future, however, I may experiment with OpenStreetMap and GIS, both of which I learned of through MaptimeLA.

Google’s My Maps isn’t perfect, by any means. Their base maps include businesses I have no interest in (e.g. smog checks, locations of Jersey Mike’s Subs, &c), neighborhood names created by developers, and other features the digital cartographer isn’t allowed to remove. If a user clicks the transit option, the user sees only train lines, not bus routes — plus the price and availability of for-profit e-scooter and rid- hail options. There are rarely if ever street view options for walk streets, stair streets, trails, parks, or public stairways — or anywhere else the Google van can’t drive — because there’s no profit motive in mapping those amenities. Google is a for-profit company, though — part of a massive multinational corporation — and thus its primary purpose is not to enable users to make maps that enrich users’ lives but rather to make money through data-mining and advertising in order to enrich the board and shareholders of its corporate overlords. If one would prefer a non-profit, user-generated alternative, I recommend Mapillary (which I’ve contributed to with 360 cameras and my smartphone).

Another flaw, as I see it, with Google’s My Maps is that there’s no nice way to see them all on in one place. The user must log into My Maps, choose viewing and sorting options, and then scroll and wait for them to upload. When one has made as many maps as I have, trying to find a particular map is tedious and time-consuming — and so, I decided to put them all in one place — here, on my website.

I also am asked, sometimes, to make prints of my “map” available for sale. These requests almost never elucidate which of my more than 300 maps that I’ve made so far the requester is referring to. Almost all of the painted and drawn ones are available on all sorts of merchandise. Many are available as art prints — including some adapted from the digital versions (minus the smog checks and locations of Jersey Mike’s Subs). Check the link at the end of this piece and if you can’t find a map that you’re looking for, let me know in the comments and I’ll get back to you. And if you have any mapping requests, also let me know in the comments.


AFGHAN LOS ANGELES
A map of institutions operated by, catering to, or otherwise relevant to Angelenos of Afghan ethnicity or ancestry. The South Asian country of Afghanistan is a multi-ethnic society and Afghan ethnicities include Arab, Aymāq, Baloch, Brahui, Gujjar, Hazara, Nuristani, Pamiri, Pashai, Pashtun, Tajik, Turkmen, Uzbek, and others. However, the term “Afghan” is often used synonymously with Pashtuns of the region. This map originally appeared in “No Enclave — Exploring Afghan Los Angeles.”

AFRICAN RESTAURANTS OF LOS ANGELES
Los Angeles is or has been, home to a number of African Restaurants and markets. They’ve represented a number of Africa’s more than 3,000 ethnic groups and 55 or so countries. Represented cuisines include those of Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, and Tunisia. The map appeared on a piece, African Restaurants of Los Angeles.

ANAHEIM
Anaheim is the most populous city in Orange County — which is surprising to me after having visited it because it feels far less developed than its truly urban (but smaller) neighbor, the city of Santa Ana. In fact, to me, it feels less urban than Costa MesaNewport Beach, or Orange and more like a Garden Grove or Irvine — which is the only city with more area than Anaheim in the county. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — Exploring Anaheim.

ANGELES FOREST (REGION)
A map of Los Angeles County‘s Angeles Forst region — the borders of which do not correspond with the entire Angeles National Forest — a forest located in the San Gabriel Mountains and Sierra Pelona Mountains which stretches across Los Angeles County from Santa Barbara County to San Bernardino County. The Angeles Forest region is, along with the Channel Islands, one of Los Angeles’s least-populated — both are home to fewer than 5,000 human residents. The map was made for California Fool’s Gold — An Angeles Forest Primer.

ANTELOPE VALLEY
There are several valleys in the western United States known as “Antelope Valley” — even though not one of them is home to any antelopes which are an animal native to Africa and Eurasia. In Los Angeles County, Antelope Valley refers to a region situated between the Tehachapi and the San Gabriel Mountains — the latter of which separates the valley from the Los Angeles Basin. Although mostly sparsely populated, the Antelope Valley contains within it the fifth and sixth most populous cities in Los Angeles County: Lancaster and Palmdale. This map appeared in California Fool’s Gold — An Antelope Valley Primer.

ARGENTINE LOS ANGELES
Although not amongst Los Angeles’s largest Latino populations, only New York City is home to a larger Argentine-American community. Their presence is evinced by numerous Argentine restaurants, tango academies, as well as several high-profiled actors and athletes. This map appeared in No Enclave — Exploring Argentine Los Angeles.

ASIA
Covering an area of 44,579,000 square kilometers and home to 4.4 billion people, Asia is both the Earth’s largest and most populous continent. It is, not surprisingly, highly diverse and this map is a map in progress of both widely recognized countries and almost completely unrecognized ones.

ASIAN BARS OF LOS ANGELES
Asia has produced many types of alcohol, including sakesojucheongjuchoujiugouqi jiu, goryangjuhuangjiukumismakgeollimeijiu, shōchū, and umsehu. It has also produced many types of drinking establishments such as booking clubshostess bars, izakayas, and themed pijiu wus. Asia and the South Pacific inspired the region’s kitschy tiki bars and Orientalist fantasy bars. Asian American entrepreneurs, too, have opened loungesnightclubs, and taverns that cater primarily to Asian Americans. This map appeared in Swinging Doors –Asian Bars of Los Angeles.

ASIAN GARDENS OF LOS ANGELES
There are, no doubt, numerous formalized gardening styles that have developed in a continent as old, large, populous, and diverse as Asia. Within Los Angeles, there are numerous examples, mostly from the East Asian traditions of China, Japan, and Korea. This map appeared in Southland Parks — A Directory of Asian Gardens in Los Angeles.

ASIAN LOS ANGELES
You’d never know it from Hollywood films, media websites, or even most local writers, but Metro Los Angeles is the world’s great pan-Asian Metropolis. Asians comprise the most populous and fastest-growing racial minority in Los Angeles. Asian enclaves include Cambodia Town, Chinatown, Filipinotown, Koreatown, Little Bangladesh, Little Osaka, Little Saigon, Little Tokyo, and Thai Town. Los Angeles is home to the largest communities of Cambodian, Filipino, Korean, Taiwanese, Thai, and Vietnamese populations outside of their respective home countries. It is home to the nation’s largest communities of IndonesiansJapanese, and others.

ASIAN MALLS OF LOS ANGELES
With so many Asians in Los Angeles, there are naturally loads of shopping centers, strip malls, and shopping malls which cater primarily to Asian Americans. Far from soulless collections of the usual commercial suspects surrounded by vast seas of parking lot, they are often home to some of the best restaurants, multiplexes screening films you’re unlikely to see anywhere else, and chains unfamiliar to most. This map appears in Mini-Mallism — Los Angeles’s Asian Malls.

ASIAN STATUARY IN LOS ANGELES
In May 2016, I blogged every day about some aspect of Asian American culture for that year’s Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month. I tried to cover all of the statues designed or sculpted by Asian or Asian American sculptors — or those honoring Asian and Asian American figures. I imagine I missed quite a few so consider it a work in progress. This map appears in Pan-Asian Metropolis — Asian Statuary in Los Angeles.

ASIAN SUPERMARKETS OF LOS ANGELES 
Los Angeles boasts Bangladeshi, Cambodian, Chinese, Filipino, Hong Konger, Indian, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Sri Lankan, Taiwanese, Thai, and Vietnamese markets (both mini and super). Found within them are all sorts of products you won’t find at mainstream markets: banana ketchupbanchanBuddha’s handbitter melonburdock, calamondin, chayote, chili oilcorchorusculantrocurry pastefish mintdaikon, durian, fifty pound bags of ricefurikake, gai lanGolden Mountain sauce, holy basilkaffir limekanpyō, konjaclemon basillonganlycheemakgeollimung beanOkinawan sweet potatopandan leavesperillapineapple guavapiper lolotpurple mangosteengrass jellyluffa, 800 ml bottles of MaggiMang Tomasnattōplum winerambutanrice paddy herbsea vegetablesshisoSichuan pepper, soju, sprouted peanuts, any brand of sriracha other than Huy Fong, stinky tofu, taroThai basiltofu skintsukemonoube, vegetarian “fish” sauce, Vietnamese balmVietnamese corianderwater dropwortwater spinachwinged beanyādom (ยาดม), and true yams… to name a few. This map appears in Pan-Asian Metropolis — Los Angeles’s Asian Supermarkets.

ASIAN-AMERICAN MURALS IN LOS ANGELES
Los Angeles is widely recognized for its mural culture. As part of my 2016 effort to blog every day about a different aspect of Asian Angeleno culture for that year’s Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, I wrote this piece, Pan-Asian Metropolis — Asian-American Murals in Los Angeles. It should be obvious that it’s nowhere near exhaustive, as I notice murals and street art made by Asian American artists all of the time. This map, of some of the best-known murals, appears in Pan-Asian Metropolis — Asian-American Murals in Los Angeles.

ASIAN-AMERICAN PUBLIC ART ON THE RAILS
Another very specific map made in 2016 for Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, in which I attempted to map all of the Asian American-made art featured in local train stations and platforms. The map appears in Nobody Drives in LA — Asian-American Public Art on Public Transit.

ASIAN-AMERICAN PUBLIC SCULPTURE, MONUMENTS, AND MEMORIALS IN LOS ANGELES
The last of 2016’s Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month-related posts is of public sculpture, monuments, and memorials in Los Angeles created by Asian American artists and/or depicting Asian or Asian American culture and history. It appears in Pan-Asian Metropolis — Public Sculpture, Monuments, and Memorials in Los Angeles.

AUSTRALIAN LOS ANGELES
Australia is both a continent and a country. It has been inhabited by humans for an estimated 65,000 years. Dutch explorers named it New Holland in 1606. Today, immigrants account for 29% of its population. This map (with necessary updates and additions) will hopefully appear in a future edition of No Enclave.

BARCELONA
Barcelona is the capital and largest city of Catalonia. I visited in 2019. This map appears in Where Fools Fear to Tread — A Snapshot of Barcelona.

THE BEACH CITIES
The Beach Cities are a sub-region of the South Bay comprising the suburban, oceanfront cities of Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, and Redondo Beach. The Beach Cities are served by a mass transit agency called Beach Cities Transit. All three also have their own piers.

BEYOND THE MULTIPLEX: LOS ANGELES’S ART, DOLLER, DRIVE-IN, FOREIGN, OUTDOOR, REVIVAL, SECOND RUN, SMUT, AND OTHER CINEMAS
The lengthy, descriptive title of this map hopefully makes clear its subject. It appeared in several pieces:

BLACK LOS ANGELES
A map of Black majority communities in Los Angeles County as of the 2010 census. Also included is Little Ethiopia, which whilst not black majority community, is notable for being Los Angeles’s only African enclave.

BOLIVIAN LOS ANGELES
Bolivia is a landlocked country that stretches from the Amazon to the Andes. The first settlers were likely the Aymara, who arrived some 2,500 years ago. Today, the Aymara are outnumbered by the Quechua, another Native American people. Los Angeles’s Bolivian American community is fairly large — outnumbered only by the communities in New York City and Washington, DC. That said, there are relatively few Bolivian businesses or institutions in the region. The map appears in No Enclave — Exploring Bolivian Los Angeles.

BRAZILIAN LOS ANGELES
This map appeared in No Enclave — Exploring Brazilian Los Angeles. An estimated 10,000 or so Brazilians live in Los Angeles. Approximately one third live in Palms or Culver City where, for decades, locals have referred to the area around Venice Boulevard as Little Brazil or Pequeno Brasil. This map appeared in No Enclave — Exploring Brazilian Los Angeles.

BRONZEVILLE
From roughly 1942-1946, during the incarceration of Japanese Americans in concentration camps, the vacated Little Tokyo neighborhood became a thriving black community known as Bronzeville. I attempted to map the historic locations of black businesses from the era and helped lead a walk an account of which appeared, along with this map, in Urban Rambles – Exploring Bronzeville with Maya and Michael.

BUNYA PINES IN THE SOUTHLAND
Bunya Pines (Araucaria bidwillii), are not actually pines. Araucaria do have characteristics in common with pines, though, including the fact that they’re evergreens and coniferous. They were briefly popular landscape choice although the massive cones make them better suited to cemeteries than to parks or residential communities. The map appeared in a piece about the most famous bunya in Los Angeles titled Those Useless Trees – El Pino Famoso.

BURMESE LOS ANGELES
Metro Los Angeles is home to an estimated 5,000 or so Burmese Americans. Their presence of evinced, in large part, by the numerous Burmese restaurants which have opened (and in an unfortunate number of cases, closed) in the region. This map appears in No Enclave — Exploring Burmese Los Angeles.

BUSAN – 부산시
In 2017, I visited Busan (부산시), South Korea‘s second-largest city. I was only there for a few days but it, more than Seoul, reminded me of Koreatown. In 1957, Busan adopted a division system with the creation of six “gu.” Today, Busan is divided into fifteen gu and one “gun.” I attempted to map them and a few of the places I visited. The map appears in Where Fools Fear To Tread — A Snapshot of Korea (Seoul and Busan).

THE CALIFORNIA CHANNEL ISLANDS
There are eight main islands in the Channel Islands archipelago. Their total human population is about 4,000 people, most of whom live on Santa Catalina Island. They are also home to at least 145 endemic species including the Channel Island Fox, which is believed to have rafted to the northern islands as many as 16,000 years ago. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A Channel Islands Primer.

CALIFORNIA FOOL’S GOLD
I began exploring and writing about my adventures in Southern California in 2007. I named my series California Fool’s Gold in homage to Huell Hower‘s much-missed television series, California’s Gold. This map, which highlights in red the communities I’ve explored, appears on the California Fool’s Gold page.

CANADIAN LOS ANGELES
In the vast diversity of Los Angeles, Canadians are mostly overlooked. There are, however, more Angelenos of Canadian origin than there are residents of 44,000, there are still more Canadians living in Los Angeles than there are in any town on Prince Edward IslandNorthwest TerritoriesNunavut, or Yukon. This map appeared in No Enclave — Exploring Canadian Los Angeles.

CENTRAL LOS ANGELES
A map of Central Los Angeles and the regions within it: Downtown, Hollywood, Mideast, and Midtown Los Angeles (and the neighborhoods within them).

THE CHANNEL ISLANDS (LOS ANGELES COUNTY)
The Channel Islands are an eight-island archipelago along the Santa Barbara Channel. Five of the islands are part of Channel Islands National Park and the waters surrounding these islands make up Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary. Two of the islands, San Clemente and Santa Catalina, are part of Los Angeles County and form the county region known as The Channel Islands. This map appears in “California Fool’s Gold — A Channel Islands Primer.”

CHILEAN LOS ANGELES
As of 2010, there were 10,471 Chileans living in the Los Angeles area, making it the third-largest community of Chilean Americans after those of Miami and New York City. That same year, 126,810 Chilean Americans were counted by the census, with the largest number (24,006) living in California. This map appears in “No Enclave — Chilean Los Angeles.”

CITIES ADJACENT TO LOS ANGELES
There are 88 incorporated cities in Los Angeles County. Los Angeles dominates them all, of course, in terms of area and population. 31 cities share a border with the city of Los Angeles.

COLOMBIAN LOS ANGELES
Colombians are the largest group of South Americans living in the US. They are not especially prevalent in California, however, the Colombian American population of which is smaller than that of New York, Florida, and New Jersey. The local presence of Colombians is mostly evinced by the region’s Colombian restaurants as well as a few vendors of shapewear known as “fajas.” This map appears in No Enclave — Colombian Los Angeles.

COSTA RICAN LOS ANGELES
As of 2010, there were 11,371 Costa Ricans living in the Los Angeles area, making it the third-largest community of Costa Rican-Americans after those of Miami and New York City. There are, however, very few overt examples of their presence in Metro Los Angeles. This map will appear, in the future, in an edition of No Enclave.

CUBAN LOS ANGELES
As of 2010, the Los Angeles area had a population of 49,702 Cuban Americans, making the Los Angeles Cuban-American community the fourth largest in the country, behind those of Tampa, New York City, and Miami. Traditionally the community was centered in Echo Park and Silver Lake but today is quite diffuse. This map appears in “No Enclave – Cuban Los Angeles.”

DETROIT
Detroit is the largest and most populous city in Michigan, the largest American city on the United States–Canada border, and the second-largest urban area in the Midwest after the Chicago metropolitan area. I visited in 2019. This map appears in Where Fools Fear to Tread — A Day in Detroit.

DOMINICAN LOS ANGELES
As of 2015, there were approximately 1.87 million people of Dominican descent in the US, making them the fifth-largest Hispanic group in the country. This map will appear, in the future, in an edition of No Enclave.

THE DOORS’ LOS ANGELES
The Doors were a rock band formed in Venice in 1965. The band took its name from the title of Aldous Huxley‘s The Doors of Perception, itself a reference to a poem by William Blake. After signing with Elektra Records, the Doors released their eponymous debut on 4 January 1967. 50 years later, on that date, Los Angeles City Council proclaimed that date the Day of the Doors. This map appeared in Happy Day of the Doors, Los Angeles.

DOWNTOWN LOS ANGELES
A uniquely difficult region to map, as the neighborhoods within — especially the “districts,” tend to be rather amorphous. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A Downtown Primer.

DOWNTOWN LOS ANGELES PEOPLE MOVER
Construction of the “Downtown Los Angeles Auxiliary Transit and Satellite Parking System” began in Downtown Los Angeles but was never completed. Today, the unfinished remnants are known as the Calvin S. Hamilton Pedway. If completed in its day, it would’ve likely been seen as a transit and mobility failure. If completed today, however, it would no doubt be a massive attraction in its own right. This map appears in Nobody Drives in LA — Exploring Downtown’s Calvin S. Hamilton Pedway.

EAST HOLLYWOOD
The East Hollywood community was annexed by Los Angeles in 1910, just a couple of weeks after the annexation of the town of Hollywood. Today it’s usually considered to be a sub-region of Hollywood and, as such, one comprised of several neighborhoods.

THE EASTSIDE
The Eastside doesn’t have an official definition and has meant different things to different Angelenos. To many, it refers to the communities east of Main Street (or the 110 Freeway) — especially those of South Los Angeles. To most, however, it refers to the communities east of the Los Angeles River. Since the 1970s, however, it has often been regarded as distinct from those eastside communities of Northeast Los Angeles. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — An Eastside Primer.

ECUADORIAN LOS ANGELES
As of 2010, there were 23,118 Ecuadorians living in the Los Angeles area, making Los Angeles home to the third-largest community of Ecuadorian-Americans after those of Miami and New York City. This map will appear, in the future, in an edition of No Enclave.

ELYSIAN HEIGHTS
Elysian Heights is a neighborhood in Los Angeles’s Mideast region. Although its existence predates that of Echo Park, it is generally regarded as part of it. This map, currently in progress, will appear in a future California Fool’s Gold piece.

ELYSIAN PARK
A map of Elysian Park that also depicts both the park as well as the former communities of Bishop, La Loma, and Palo Verde — and the planned (but never built) community of Elysian Hills Heights. It appeared in Southland Parks — Elysian Park.

ENGLISH LOS ANGELES
I don’t remember where but I believe that I once read or heard that Santa Monica is the number one destination for English “expats” (the English, for whatever reason, are always “expats” and never immigrants). Although diminished, Santa Monica is sometimes referred to as “Little Britain.” This map appears in No Enclave — English Los Angeles.

ERITREAN LOS ANGELES
In 2015, there were 39,063 Eritrea-born Americans and 18,917 US-born Americans of Eritrean ancestry. California is the state with the largest number of Eritreans and growing communities exist in the Temescal neighborhood of Oakland, Inglewood, and elsewhere. This map appears in No Enclave — Eritrean Los Angeles.

ETHNIC ENCLAVES OF LOS ANGELES (AND ORANGE)
Metro Los Angeles is, by many measures, the most diverse metropolitan area on Earth. This is a map of historic, emerging, recognized and unrecognized ethnic enclaves in Los Angeles. Of course, there are also many more ethnicities that don’t tend to settle in enclaves.

GLASGOW
Glasgow (Scots: Glesga; Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as “Glaswegians” and “Weegies”. Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Britain, a major center of the Scottish Enlightenment, a hub of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies, and a major producer of top indie bands. This map appears in Where Angels Fear to Tread — A Snapshot of Glasgow.

THE HARBOR AREA
The Harbor Area (also known as the Harbor District or simply “the Harbor”) refers to the communities located on or near the San Pedro Bay. It is the site of both the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach, which together forms the fifth-busiest port facility in the world and the busiest outside of East Asia. It is also home to the county’s second-most-populous city, Long Beach. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A Harbor Primer.

THE HISTORIC CORE
Historic Core” was coined around 1990 to refer to the neighborhood of Downtown sometimes referred to as “Old Downtown.” It’s not the oldest part of Downtown, however, but was the area that thrived in the early decades of the 20th Century. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — Exploring the Historic Core.

LOS ANGELES BEER MAP
A map of beer bars, beer halls, beer tasting rooms, biergartens, breweries, brewpubs, cider bars, pijiu wu, sake bars, &c prepared for National Beer Day (7 April). This map appears in the Swinging Doors article, “Los Angeles Beer Map and History on National Beer Day.”

LOS ANGELES CITY COUNCIL DISTRICTS 
Despite Los Angeles’s large population — the second largest in the country –, it is currently served by only 15 city council members. New York City (the most populous American city) has, by contrast, has 51. Chicago, the third most populous city, has 50. Los Angeles’s city council members thus serve over comparatively vast fiefdoms and wield far greater power — leading to their frequent characterization as “fifteen little kings.”

LOS ANGELES PUB CHAINS
After visiting the UK, where I experienced my first chain pub, I became curious as to whether or not the US ever had anything similar. When I learned that places like TGIFriday’s, Applebee’s, Chili’s &c were themselves pretty much pub chains — and one’s with histories as “fern bars” for singles, I became even more interested in these places to which I’d never until then paid much attention. This map appeared in Swinging Doors — The Chain Pubs of Los Angeles.”

LOS ANGELES RIVER
The Los Angeles River flows 82 kilometers east across the San Fernando Valley and then south into the San Pedro Bay. Encouraged by the ease of my ride along the San Gabriel River, I attempted to ride its length in a day. However, whereas that river path passes unbroken through or along 25 cities and unincorporated communities, the Los Angeles River trail currently exists in twelve disconnected fragments between its source and halfway point… which is as far as I got in a day. This map appeared in There It Is, Revitalize It — The Los Angeles River.”

LOS ANGELES SOCIAL HOUSING
For a brief period in the 20th century, Los Angeles saw fit to provide social housing for the city’s veterans, poor, and elderly. In the 1950s, at the height of the Red Scare, a Republican mayor and his big-money backers argued that a social safety net is un-American and the city ceased to build any more. Today there are about 58,000 Angelenos living on the streets, sleeping in cars, or otherwise unhoused. This map will appear in future editions of Homes Fit For Heroes.

LOS ANGELES SQUARES
n most cities, a square refers to a planned public space that usually hosts various public events, in other words a city square, market square, public square, town square, urban square, piazza, plaza, or town green. In Los Angeles, it means a beige sign over an intersection surrendered to the automobile. Since 2000, Los Angeles City Council has designated numerous intersections as “squares.” This map appeared in Greater Streets — Los Angeles Squares, or When is a Square Not a Square?”

LOS ANGELES TRAIN PUB CRAWL
After a series of half-assed train pub crawls appeared in various listicle factories I decided to create a more serious, researched, and all-inclusive map of every izakaya, pub, piano bar, brewery, tasting rooms, leather bar, pijiu wu, gastropub, hotel bar, gasthaus, and taverns within easy walking distance of a train station. This map appeared in “Swinging Doors — Los Angeles Train Pub Crawl.”

LOS ANGELES WETLANDS
As a region dominated by hilly chaparral scrubland, Los Angeles experiences heavy seasonal rains during most winters. Historically, gravity and water conspired to form countless seasonal streams, rivers, marshes, lagoons, ponds, and other wetlands. Today, most waterways have been channelized in concrete or redirected into subterranean channels. Most of the wetlands have been drain and replaced with development. This map appeared in There It Is, Revitalize It — The Southland’s Wetlands.”

LOS ANGELES WOMEN’S HISTORY MONTH
As of 2014, there were an estimated 5,129,169 women living in Los Angeles County — more than the entire population of 34 states and dependencies of the US. With a female density of roughly 2,697 women per square mile, Metro Los Angeles is more crowded with women than any other urban area in the country too. Here are a few places important to local women’s history. This map appeared in “Women’s History Month: 25 Women in Los Angeles History.”

LOS ANGELES’S ASIAN-AMERICAN SKYSCRAPERS
In 2016, for Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, I wrote a piece about the skyscrapers of Los Angeles designed by Asian-American skyscrapers. This map appeared in “High Rising — Los Angeles’s Asian-American Skyscrapers.”

LOS ANGELES’S BUDDHIST TEMPLES, HINDU TEMPLES, SIKH GURDWARAS, ASIAN-AMERICAN CHURCHES, &c.
All of the world’s religions with the most followers (i.e. Bahá’íBuddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism) originated in Asia — although I don’t think most folks characterize those born in the Middle East as “Asian regions.” In addition to Los Angeles’s Buddhist, Confucius, Hindu, Sikh, and Taoist temples, however, there are also Japanese Baptist Churches, Korean Presbyterian congregations, and places of worship for Chinese and Vietnamese Catholics. This map appeared in “Pan-Asian Metropolis — Los Angeles’s Asian Temples.”

LOS ANGELES’S EASTSIDE AND WESTSIDE
Athough there are twenty regions in Los Angeles, the main “rivalry” — if that’s not too strong a word, seems to be between the Eastside and Westside. Interestingly, most Westsiders have never seemingly been to the Eastside and, as they move east, make it abundantly clear that they don’t even know where or what it is. That’s why I made this map.

LOS ANGELES’S EMERGING AND UNOFFICIAL ENCLAVES
I reckon most Angelenos know of Chinatown, Koreatown, Little SaigonLittle Tokyo, and Thai Town. Perhaps, if they’re observant or at all clued in about their home, they also know of Cambodia TownFilipinotown, Little Armenia, Little Bangladesh, Little Ethiopia, Little India, or Little Seoul. If they know their Los Angeles history, they know that there used to be a Frenchtown, Greek Town, Little Italy, and Sonoratown. How many folks, though, know about Little Arabia, Little Belize, Little Brazil, Little Britain, Little MongoliaLittle Odessa, Little TaipeiOaxacatown, or Tehrangeles — none of which have been granted official recognition by the city? This map appears in “No Enclave — Emerging and Unofficial Ethnic Enclaves of Los Angeles.”

LOS ANGELES’S FRONTIER NEIGHBORHOODS
This is a map of Los Angeles neighborhoods located at the edge of city… frontier neighborhoods if you will.

LOS ANGELES’S HIDDEN WATERWAYS
Los Angeles is criss-crossed with rivers and streams. Historically, some were fed year-round by springs whilst appeared with the arrival of the rainy season and dried up not long after its departure. Today, most are channelized into concrete washes or entombed underground in tunnels. The vast majority of this work was done by the folks at L.A. Creek Freak. I superimposed their map of waterways on my own map of Los Angeles neighborhoods and added a few minor details (mainly stream names in a few cases).

LOS ANGELES’S PEDESTRIAN STREETS
A map of Los Angeles’s many public stairways, stair streets, and walk streets (plus a few urban trails) overlaid upon a map of the city of Los Angeles’s neighborhoods. This map appears in the Nobody Walks in LA piece titled “Public Stairways, Stair Streets, and Walk Streets of Los Angeles.”

LOS ANGELES’S PUBLIC STAIRWAYS, STAIR STREETS, AND WALK STREETS
A map of Los Angeles’s many public stairways, stair streets, and walk streets overlaid upon a map of the city of Los Angeles’s neighborhoods. This map will appear in a future edition of Nobody Drives in LA.

LOS ANGELES’S SOLITARY SUBURBAN LANDSCAPES
In the pre-NIMBY age, a tall building would occasionally rise up from the suburban floor like and loom over the single story landscape like Orthanc — the tower of Isengard. Then NIMBYs decided that neighborhood character didn’t just mean using economic segregation and car-centricity to keep out the poors and urbanists — but also preserving a two-story height limit so that no single-family houses will suffer the indignity of having a cooling shadow cast upon them. This map appears in “Highrising — Solitary Skyscrapers of Suburbia.”

MACARTHUR PARK
Even at its most sullied and neglected, MacArthur Park is one of Los Angeles’s greatest urban parks. It’s also one of the oldest, having begun as Westlake Park in 1886. This map of the park and nearby amenities appears in “Southland Parks — Visiting MacArthur Park.”

MAJOR CITIES OF THE INDIAN OCEAN
We humans tend to divide ourselves up, culturally speaking, into countries and continents — but for coastal peoples, it seems to me, there are shared ties to the oceans. The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world’s oceans, sharing borders with Africa, Asia, and Australia.

MAJOR CITIES OF THE PACIFIC
Three of the world’s four most populous nations have borders on the Pacific Ocean. As someone living in a city on the Pacific, I often feel like my city has closer ties places on the other side of the ocean (e.g. Manila, HonoluluSeoul, SydneyTaipei, and Tokyo) than it does those on the other side of the country (e.g. Atlantic City, Fort Lauderdale, Long Island, and the Jersey Shore).

MAJOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN
Not to make light of the worsening climate crisis, but as someone who can barely tolerate warm weather, I may at some point in my life have to move to the Arctic. Thus, I began researching cities (and smaller settlements) on the Arctic Coast, where the weather might still be cool enough for a few more years.

MALAYSIAN LOS ANGELES
According to the 2010 census, there were then 26,179 Americans of Malaysian background. California is home to the largest population. There are few overt indications of Malaysians presence in Los Angeles, however, outside of a handful of businesses located primarily in the San Gabriel Valley. This map appears “No Enclave — Exploring Malaysian Los Angeles.” 

MAPPED BY PENDERSLEIGH & SONS CARTOGRAPHY
At some point it dawned on my that I should map the places that I’ve mapped… and explored. This map appears on the California Fool’s Gold homepage.

MAYA CIVILIZATION
I’ve been fascinated with the Maya at least since I was about seven years old and read Mystery of the Maya. Using iron-on crayons, I even made robe with decorated with drawings of Maya pyramids. In 2017, I finally visited the Riviera Maya and made this map, included in “Where Fools Fear to Tread — A Snapshot of Mexico (Tulum, Teotihuacan & Mexico City).”

METRO RAPID BUS AND RAIL
If only bus-only lanes were possible for Metro’s Rapid Buses… then they’d be rapid in more than just name. What’s good enough for other city’s mass transit riders, however, is more than the mass transit riders of Los Angeles can reasonably expect and so we’re left to dream of a network of rapid bus transit lines that would transform this city. This map appeared in “Nobody Drives in LA — Get on the Rapid Bus.”

MID-CITY WITH MACHIKO
2017 was the tenth year of me writing about exploring Los Angeles. For that anniversary, I asked friends and readers to suggest walks and I thus undertook explorations with Machiko, Maya, Mayra, and Michael. I’d previously undertaken one with a neighbor named Marvin. The fact that all of my partners were Asian Americans whose given names started with “m” was a strange coincidence. At the time, Machiko lived in Mid-City (more “m”s) and this map appeared in “Urban Rambles — Exploring Mid-City with Machiko.”

MIDEAST LOS ANGELES (THE MIDEAST SIDE)
Mideast Los Angeles — or MELA if you’re into that whole brevity thing — is a region of Los Angeles located between Midtown, the Eastside, and Northeast Los Angeles (NELA). It contains within it the neighborhoods of Angeleno Heights, Echo Park, Elysian Heights, Franklin Hills, Frogtown, Los Feliz, Pico-UnionSilver Lake, Victor Heights, and Westlake — as well as two of the city’s best-known parks, Elysian and Griffith. This map appears in “California Fool’s Gold — A Mideast Side Primer.”

MIDTOWN LOS ANGELES
Midtown Los Angeles is a region of Los Angeles. It contains within it well-known sub-regions such as Mid-City, Mid-City West, Mid-Wilshire, Wilshire Center as well as many micro-neighborhoods, the names of which are unrecognizable to most Angelenos living outside of them. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A Midtown Primer.”

MISSOURI
I spent most of my formative years in the state of Missouri — the birthplace of ragtime, Mark Twain, Kansas City Jazz, cashew chicken, St. Louis Blues. This map appears in “Happy Missouri Day! – Yup, It’s aready been a yurr since the last’n.”

MONGOLIAN LOS ANGELES
As of 2010, there were 18,344 Americans who self-identified as Mongolian-American. The census of that year also showed that 4,993 Mongolians were living in California, making it home to more Mongolians than any other state. About 2,000 Mongolians are estimated to live in Los Angeles. Although relatively low-profile and not thus far recognized with a designated enclave, a good proportion live in Koreatown and surrounding neighborhoods. This map appears in “No Enclave — Exploring Mongolian Los Angeles.”

MORETON BAY FIGS IN LOS ANGELES
The Moreton Bay fig (Ficus macrophylla), like many of the Southland’s urban trees, is an Australian immigrant (see also eucalyptus, carrotwood, bottlebrush, river red gumbunya pine, and Australian willow). But, unlike those other Antipodean imports, several Moreton Bay figs have risen to the ranks of celebrity. Such is the case of the Aoyama Tree in Little Tokyo. This map appears in “Those Useless Trees — The Aoyama Tree.” 

THE MOUNTAINS AND SKYSCRAPERS OF METRO LOS ANGELES
Los Angeles has the greatest elevation difference of any city in the world (and therefore, possibly the universe). That’s right — Los Angeles is the world’s most vertical — not horizontal city — on account of its many mountains. This map will likely be included in future editions of Mist & Iron and High-Rising.

MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING IN LOS ANGELES
Los Angeles is sometimes described — like Philadelphia and London — as a “city of homes.” Much of the most interesting architecture in the city is famously residential rather than civic. Although NIMBY’s often blame multi-family housing for destroying neighborhood character (a thinly veiled push for economic and racial segregation), there are as many beautiful multi-family structures as there are single-family homes of note — and there are certainly lots hideous single-family homes not worth celebrating or preserving. Here is a map of some of the best and most significant bungalow courts, duplexes, courtyard apartments, dingbats, fourplexes, garden apartments, housing projects, residential high-rises, mixed-users, triplexes that I’ll probably include in future editions of Homes Fit for Heroes.

NEPALI SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (नेपाली लस एन्जलस)
As of 2010, there were only 6,231 Nepali Americans living in California. However, Nepalis then comprised the fastest growing population of South Asians, due in large part to the Nepalese Civil War. There is a small but notable Nepali presence in Los Angeles. This map was included in “No Enclave — Exploring Nepali Los Angeles.” 

NEWPORT BEACH
Newport Beach is a coastal city in South Orange County. Newport Harbor once supported maritime industries but today is used primarily for recreation. I explored it for California Fool’s Gold in 2019. This map appears in “California Fools Gold — Exploring Newport Beach.”

NICARAGUAN LOS ANGELES
As of 2010, there were 348,202 Americans of Nicaraguan descent in the US. Most live in either Florida or California. In the latter, most live in either the San Francisco Bay or Metro Los Angeles. This map will appear in a future edition of No Enclave.

NIGERIAN LOS ANGELES
Home to nearly 200 million residents, Nigeria is the most-populous country in Africa. Nigerian Americans also comprise the largest percentage of African American immigrants. The largest number of Nigerian Americans live in Texas, followed by Maryland, New York, and California. This map appears in “No Enclave — Exploring Nigerian Los Angeles.”

NORTH ASIA
North Asia is is a massive sub-region of Asia. Approximately 13,100,000 square kilometers, it is home to only 33 million or so residents — just .74% of Asia’s population. For such a large region — roughly 1.5 times the size of Brazil — it’s one of the least discussed regions in the planet. For that and for other reasons, it fascinates me. This map appears in Unrecognized Nations: North Asia.”

NORTH ORANGE COUNTY
Orange County is, when divided into regions, most often split simply into North and South Orange County. Whereas South Orange County is largely comprised of mostly-white, recently-built, red-tile roofed, master-planned gated communities; North Orange County is largely characterized by post-World War II suburbs that are home to a diverse population of Latinos, Vietnamese, Koreans, Arabs, and others. This map appears in “California Fool’s Gold — A North Orange County Primer.”

NORTH ORANGE COUNTY AND THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
North Orange County and the San Gabriel Valley are neighboring regions supposedly separated by a political border but with much in common demographically, geographically, and culturally. I would imagine that the average resident of La Habra has more in common with the average resident of La Habra Heights than they do someone in Laguna Beach (or than the resident of La Habra Heights has with the typical resident of Malibu). I made this map in the style of 18th century Chinese cartographer, Mo Yi-tong, to challenge views of the regions through this recontextualization.

NORTHEAST LOS ANGELES
Northeast Los Angeles is a region of Los Angeles that is contains within it the first three communities to be annexed by Los Angeles: Garvanza, Highland Park, and Sycamore Grove. In 1922, the communities of HermonYork Valley, and part of Annandale agreed to join the Greater Highland Park Association. Other communities in the region include Cypress Park, Eagle Rock, Glassell Park, Montecito Heights, and Monterey Hills. This map appears in “California Fool’s Gold — A Northeast Los Angeles Primer.”

NORTHWEST LOS ANGELES
Perhaps no regional identity has moved as far from its original location as has that of Northwest Los Angeles. When Northwest Los Angeles Improvement Association began meeting, around 1894, the northwest corner of Los Angeles was still located at the corner of Fountain Avenue and Hoover Street. The Improvement Association on the edge of Downtown, though, near the intersection of Montreal and Sand  a corner long ago obliterated by the construction of the interchange of the 110 and 101 freeways. Since the 1940s, it the moniker has more often been applied to the region in the northwestern-most corner of Los Angeles County, including the third largest city in the county, Santa Clarita, and small hamlets like Three Points, Pine Store, and Gorman. This map appears inCalifornia Fool’s Gold — A Northwest Los Angeles County Primer.” 

OLD SCHOOL NEW ORLEANS HIP-HOP
I’m a big fan of old school New Orleans hip-hop. That’s why I wrote about Big Boy, Cash Money, Mobo, No Limit, Parkway Pumpin’, Take Fo’, Tombstone, Untouchable, bounce music, sissy rappers, and more. I may go back and add this map to some of those pieces.

OLDEST SURVIVING RESTAURANTS IN LOS ANGELES
From the 1880s to the 1980s, these are the oldest restaurants in Metro Los Angeles that are still in operation (and a few that aren’t). This map appeared in “Los Angeles’s Oldest Surviving Restaurants.”

ORANGE COUNTY COMMUNITIES
There are 3,007 counties and 135 county equivalents (i.e. parishes, organized boroughs, census areas, independent cities, and the District of Columbia). Home to over three million people, Orange County is the sixth-most populous such region in the US. From 1850-1889, what’s now Orange County was part of Los Angeles County. Today it remains part of the Metro Los Angeles urban area.

ORANGE COUNTY’S LOST CHINATOWNS
Since the 1590s, Chinatowns (唐人街) have sprung up around the world. Some, like those in Orange County, have long-since vanished. This map appeared in “Pan-Asian Metropolis — Orange County’s Lost Chinatowns.”

ORIGINAL LOCATIONS OF LOS ANGELES RESTAURANT CHAINS 
Loads of restaurant chains — especially fast food and, erm, “fast-casual,” got there start in Metro Los Angeles or nearby in Southern California. This map will appear in a future edition of Fastfood Undead.

PAKISTANI LOS ANGELES
Los Angeles is home to a large population of Pakistani-Americans, second in size only to the New York-New Jersey area, but the population is fairly diffuse and there is no Little Pakistan, official or unofficial. This map appeared in “No Enclave — Exploring Pakistani Los Angeles.”

PALMS, LOS ANGELES
Palms is a neighborhood that founded as an agricultural and vacation community in 1886. Today it’s mostly comprised of apartment buildings, crisscrossed with commercial corridors, and the most densely populated community on the Westside. This map appeared in California Fool’s Gold — Exploring Palms.”

PANAMANIAN LOS ANGELES
As of the 2010 census, there were 165,456 Americans of Panamanian descent. With a population of 17,768, California follows Florida and New York in population numbers. With a population of 6,353, Metro Los Angeles has the fourth-most populous Panamanian American population. This map will appear in a future edition of No Enclave.

PASADENA
Pasadena is the ninth-most populous city in Los Angeles County and the 40th-most populous largest city in California. Incorporated in 1886, it’s one of the oldest cities in Los Angeles County. Home to Caltech, Pasadena City College, Fuller Theological Seminary, ArtCenter College of Design, Laemmle’s Playhouse 7, the Pasadena Playhouse, the Norton Simon Museum, and the USC Pacific Asia Museum — among other attractions — it’s a center of culture and learning in the region. This map, showing Pasadena’s neighborhoods, appeared in California Fool’s Gold — Exploring Pasadena, The Crown City of Roses.”

PEQUENO SEUL
Pequeño Seúl (작은 서울) is the name of Mexico City‘s Korean enclave. The first Korean migrants settled in Yucatán. Today, Mexico City is the preferred destination and an estimated 6,000 live in or near Pequeño Seúl. This map appeared in Where Fools Fear to Tread — A Snapshot of Mexico (Tulum, Teotihuacan & Mexico City).”

PERUVIAN LOS ANGELES
As of 2018, there were 628,603 Americans of Peruvian descent. California has the second-largest population, after Florida. Metro Los Angeles is home to roughly 48,380. This map will appear in a future edition of No Enclave.

THE POMONA VALLEY (LOS ANGELES COUNTY)
The Pomona Valley is a valley located between the San Gabriel and San Bernardino valleys, formed by the Santa Ana River and its tributaries. The valley spans Los Angeles and San Bernardino counties and thus includes communities in both counties. As a region of Los Angeles County, however, the San Bernardino County communities of ChinoChino HillsMontclairOntarioRancho Cucamonga, and Upland are not included in that usage. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A Pomona Valley Primer.

PUEBLO OF LOS ANGELES (1781 BOUNDARIES WITH CONTEMPORARY NEIGHBORHOODS)
From 1781 until 1869, Los Angeles was a perfect square. Last year and this, pedestrian advocacy group Los Angeles Walks has been leading walks to and from each of the four corners. At the time of writing, one walk (from the northeast corner to the northwest) remains. After I complete it, I’ll probably include his map in an edition of Nobody Drives in LA.

PUERTO RICAN LOS ANGELES
Puerto Ricans are not particularly numerous in California, where they encompass roughly half a percent of the state’s total Latino population. 29.5% of the state’s population live in Metro Los Angeles and this map will likely be included in a future edition of No Enclave.

REGIONS OF LOS ANGELES
Unlike most large cities, there are no official regional designations in Los Angeles. Paris has its arrondissementsNew York City its boroughsBusan and Seoul have gu (), Taipei has  (), St. Louis and New Orleans both have wardsMexico City has municipios, and on. I’ve nevertheless attempted here to map the colloquially recognized regions of the county. This map appeared in “Los Angeles Linguistics Part 2: Regional Differences.”

RIVERSIDE
Riverside is a city in, and the county seat of, Riverside County.  It is the most populous city in the Inland Empire — the birthplace of the California citrus industry. It’s home to the University of California, Riverside, the Fox Performing Arts Center, Riverside Metropolitan Museum, the California Museum of Photography, and other attractions which make it one of the most desirable communities in the Inland Empire.

SALVADORAN LOS ANGELES
Metro Los Angeles is home to the largest population of Salvadorans outside of El Salvador, the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. Salvadorans comprise the second-largest Latino population in Metro Los Angeles as well as the second-largest foreign-born population. This map appeared in “No Enclave — Exploring Salvadoran Los Angeles.”

SAMOAN LOS ANGELES
Samoan-Americans are the second largest group of Pacific Islanders in the US, after Hawaiians. The largest population on the US mainland live in Los Angeles, home as of 2010 to roughly 54,000. Evidence of their presence is reflected in the existence of their churches, restaurants, and organizations. This map appeared in “No Enclave — Exploring Samoan Los Angeles.”

SAN DIEGO NEIGHBORHOODS
San Diego is the second-most populous city in California, the eighth-most populous in the US, the fifteenth-most populous in North America, and (as of 2018), the 135th-most populous in the world. The ancestors of the indigenous Kumeyaay are widely believed to have first settled the area some 12,000 years ago. I’ve thus far explored little of it, though, and so made this neighborhood map in order to inform myself and to incentivize exploration. This map appeared in “California Fool’s Gold — A San Diego Neighborhoods Primer.”

THE SAN FERNANDO VALLEY
The San Fernando Valley — although one of several valleys in Los Angeles County (e.g. Antelope, Conejo, Crescenta, Hungry, Leona, Peace, Pomona, San Gabriel, and Santa Clarita) is nearly always referred to simply as the Valley. I would argue that it’s a much more urban, vibrant, diverse, cultured, and interesting place than most non-Valley-residing Angelenos are aware. This map appeared in “California Fool’s Gold — A San Fernando Valley Primer.”

THE SAN GABRIEL RIVER
The San Gabriel River flows 93 kilometers from a confluence in the San Gabriel Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Along its banks, there’s a well-maintained bicycle path which I rode down one day. This map appeared in “There It Is, Revitalize It — The San Gabriel River.”

THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
The San Gabriel Valley is a fascinating yet largely overlooked suburban valley of Los Angeles County. It’s a cluster of largely Latino (mostly Mexican) and Pan-Asian communities (mostly Chinese, Hong Konger, Taiwanese, Vietnamese, Filipino, Korean, and Japanese). This map appeared in California Fool’s Gold — A San Gabriel Valley Primer.”

SAN PEDRO
San Pedro is a Harbor District neighborhood located on the San Pedro Bay. It’s one of my favorite neighborhoods in Los Angeles as it’s walkable, working-class, home to numerous attractions, and quite unlike the stereotypical Southern California coastal community. This map appeared in “California Fool’s Gold — Exploring San Pedro.”

SANDBERG
Sandberg is the name of a small community that arose in the Sierra Pelona Mountains around Norwegian immigrant Harald Sandberg‘s Sandberg’s Summit Hotel. The hotel was used for various purposes after Sandberg’s death until it burnt to the ground. Today there’s almost nothing left of Sandberg except some ruins and a faded plaque. This map appeared in “California Fool’s Gold — Exploring Sandberg.”

SANTA CLARITA
Santa Clarita is now the third-most-populous city in Los Angeles County. It was only incorporated as a city in 1987, through the union of four unincorporated communities: Canyon CountryNewhall, Saugus, and Valencia. As such, it lacks the centrality of a traditional city and is often characterized instead as a “boomburb.”

SANTA CRUZ ISLAND (LIMUW)
With an area of 249.952 km2, Santa Cruz Island is the largest island in California. The Chumash lived there for more than 10,000 years and knew it as Limuw (“place of the sea”). I visited the island during a heatwave in 2018 with the good folks of Maptime LA. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold – Exploring Santa Cruz Island.

SANTA MONICA MOUNTAINS (LOS ANGELES COUNTY)
The Santa Monica Mountains are a coastal mountain range paralleling the Pacific Ocean. The name also applies to the westernmost region of Los Angeles County, a region that includes the communities of Agoura Hills, Cornell, Hidden Hills, Malibu, Monte Nido, Saratoga Hills, and Topanga. This map appeared in “California Fool’s Gold — A Santa Monica Mountains Primer.”

SEOUL – 서울
In 2017, I visited Seoul (서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City — the capital of and largest city in South Korea. The Seoul Capital Area is home to roughly half of South Korea’s population. This map appears in Where Fools Fear To Tread — A Snapshot of Korea (Seoul and Busan).

SILVER LAKE STAIRS
I was commissioned to make a map of Silver Lake’s stairs by the Silver Lake Neighborhood Council. They only wanted public stairways and stair streets but I also included walk streets for the online version. I’ll probably expand this map, eventually, to include other neighborhoods.

SINGAPOREAN LOS ANGELES
At just 719.1 km2, the Republic of Singapore is slightly smaller in area than Los Angeles’s San Gabriel Valley. Metro Los Angeles is home to an estimated 5,000 Angelenos of Singaporean background or ancestry. This map appeared in “No Enclave — Exploring Singaporean Los Angeles.”

THE SOUTH BAY
The South Bay refers to the southern end of the Santa Monica Bay and the communities located on and near it. Definitions of what constitutes the South Bay vary although nearly all include the Beach Cities and the communities of Palos Verdes peninsula. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A South Bay Primer.

SOUTH LOS ANGELES (SITES AND ATTRACTIONS)
I need to clean up this map of South Los Angeles (Sites and Attractions)… perhaps update it, too.

SOUTH LOS ANGELES’S EASTSIDE
No region of Los Angeles is likely defined with as much disagreement as the Eastside. To some, it refers to all (or just some) of the communities east of the Los Angeles River. To others, it includes parts of Midtown, East Hollywood, and Mideast Los Angeles. To those in South Los Angeles, it usually refers to the communities east of the 110 (and before its construction, Main Street). This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A South Los Angeles Eastside Primer.

SOUTH LOS ANGELES’S WESTSIDE
Definitions vary but before the construction of Harbor Freeway, many folks in South Los Angeles used to describe the communities west of Main Street and east of the South Bay as being the Westside. There’s an unspoken implication, I believe, that in doing so they are referring to the Westside of South Los Angeles and don’t regard, say, West Athens are belonging to the same region as, say, Westwood. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A South Los Angeles Westside Primer.

SOUTH ORANGE COUNTY
South Orange County is generally regarded as being divided from North Orange County by California State Route 55 and Newport Avenue. In contrast to North Orange County, it is less densely-populated and dominated by master-planned communities. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A South Orange County Primer.

SOUTHEAST LOS ANGELES
Southeast Los Angeles is a region of Los Angeles County located between North Orange County, the San Gabriel Valley, and the Eastside of South Los Angeles. It is often referred to as the “Gateway Cities,” although that is a generic term used in several other counties and which, in Los Angeles, also includes parts of the Harbor and South Los Angeles. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A Southeast Los Angeles Primer.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
Southern California is a geographic and cultural region that is roughly the same size as Bangladesh, Nepal, Tajikistan, and Greece. It is home to roughly 22,423,000 people. Its climates include alpine, chaparral, and desert.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LIGHTHOUSES
There are about ten lighthouses located along the Southern California coast. This is a map of them.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA NIGHT MARKETS
Night Markets are popular in Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, and in Southeast Asian cities with large populations of ethnic Chinese like Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. With Los Angeles being the world’s great Pan-Asian Metropolis, it’s no wonder that they’ve taken hold here. This map appears in Pan-Asian Metropolis — Southern California Night Markets.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA RAIL AND FERRY
A map of passenger rail networks and ferry service routes for Southern California. Just for fun, I also included novelty trolleys, live steamers, model railroads, and restaurants located inside of old train cars. This map appears in Nobody Drives in LA — Los Angeles Train Map.

SOUTHLAND THEATER
Metro Los Angeles is home to a large number of theaters and theater companies. On any night, one can experience any number of live theater performances from big-budget musicals to no-budget experimental theater; original works, repertory classics, stand-up comedy, drag revues, performance art, puppetry, noh, opera, kabuki, magic shows, &c.

SRI LANKAN LOS ANGELES
There were 45,159 Sri Lankans living in the US in 2010 and it was only in the 1990s that substantial numbers began arriving, mostly fleeing the Sri Lankan Civil War and mostly settling in and around New York City, central New Jersey, and the Los Angeles metropolitan areas. This map appears in No Enclave — Exploring Sri Lankan Los Angeles.”

TAIWAN (台灣)
In 2010, I visited Taiwan for the first time. I had little idea of what to expect beforehand. Once there, however, it felt as if I had discovered a soulmate of sorts. This map appears in Where Fools Fear to Tread — A Snapshot of Taiwan (Taipei & the East Coast).

TOP 100 LOS ANGELES ATTRACTIONS (EXCLUDING CENTRAL LOS ANGELES AND THE WESTSIDE)
Most local listiclers, advertorial hacks, and other uninspired chroniclers of Los Angeles culture would have readers believe that there’s nothing worth visiting in Los Angeles that isn’t in Central Los Angeles or the Westside. I made this map as a corrective. It appears in Top 100 Los Angeles Attractions (not in Central Los Angeles or the Westside).

UNINCORPORATED LOS ANGELES COUNTY
There are 88 incorporated cities in Los Angeles County. There are also numerous unincorporated communities. Some, like Three Points, are incredibly obscure and home to a handful of residents. Others, like East Los Angeles, are home to more than 100,000 residents.

UYGHUR LOS ANGELES
Uyghurs are an Asian people who mostly live in the Chinese province of Xinjiang, which most view as their homeland. There are significant diasporic populations in KazakhstanUzbekistanKyrgyzstanTurkey, and Russia. The US also has a small population, most of whom live in either the Washington, DC or Los Angeles metropolitan areas. This map appears in No Enclave — Exploring Uyghur Los Angeles.

VALLEY BOULEVARD
Valley Boulevard is the San Gabriel Valley’s main thoroughfare, its backbone; what Wilshire is to Midtown, Crenshaw is to South Los Angeles’s Westside, or Ventura Boulevard is to the San Fernando Valley. In 2016, I began walking the length of the street in segments with a dog named Dooley. By 2017, we had walked roughly half of its 45-kilometer length. Sadly, Dooley died before we began exploring the eastern half. This map appears in Greater Streets — Exploring Valley Boulevard.

VEGETARIAN ASIAN RESTAURANTS
Asia is home to some of the most vegetarian-friendly countries in the world, including India, Taiwan, and Israel. Metro Los Angeles, meanwhile, is the capital of pan-Asianism. Naturally, there are many — and have bee many more — vegetarian Asian restaurants of various sorts. This map appears in Pan-Asian Metropolis — Vegetarian Asian Restaurants in Los Angeles.

VEGETARIAN LOS ANGELES
Americans eat more meat, per capita, than any other people in the world. On the other hand, California is home to more vegetarian and vegan restaurants than any other state. Southern California has a particularly strong tradition of vegetarian and veganism that stretches back at least to the 1870s. This map appears in the piece, Vegetarian and Vegan Los Angeles.

THE VERDUGOS
The Verdugos is a region of Los Angeles County that includes most of the areas in and around the Verdugo Mountains and Crescenta Valley. An exception is the city of Burbank, which although partly located in the Verdugo Mountains, is almost universally recognized as being associated with the San Fernando Valley. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A Verdugos Primer.

VIETNAMESE LOS ANGELES
Metro Los Angeles is home to the largest Vietnamese community outside of Los Angeles. North Orange County, home to roughly two-thirds of that community, is home of the nation’s oldest and largest Little Saigon. This map appears in No Enclave — Exploring Vietnamese Los Angeles.

WEHO PICKUP
The WeHo PickUp is West Hollywood‘s free and fun nighttime shuttle. Although it’s primarily used to convey clubgoers to various venues, there are also quite a few architectural, artistic, and attractions of other sorts along the route. This map appears in Nobody Drives in LA — Exploring Along the WeHo PickUp Line.

THE WESTSIDE
The Westside is a region of Los Angeles County. Definitions of what constitutes the Westside vary although a poll of Angelenos found that most consider its eastern border to be formed by La Cienega Boulevard. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — A Westside Primer.

WESTWOOD 
Westwood is a neighborhood in Los Angeles’s Westside region. It’s best known for being the home of the University of California, Los Angeles — although there are many other attractions worth visiting. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — Exploring Westwood.

WILSHIRE VISTA
Wilshire Vista is a neighborhood in the Midtown region of Los Angeles. This map appears in California Fool’s Gold — Exploring Wilshire Vista.

COMING SOON
Maps of Ancient African Cities, Brightwell’s Los Angeles, Elysian Park’s Kite Hill, International Language Schools, Livable Los Angeles, Lizard City, Los Angeles Pocket Parks, Los Angeles Railway, Oldest Bars in Los Angeles, Swinging Doors Bar Map – Early Houses.

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Eric Brightwell is an adventurer, essayist, rambler, explorer, cartographer, and guerrilla gardener who is always seeking paid writing, speaking, traveling, and art opportunities. He is not interested in generating advertorials, cranking out clickbait, or laboring away in a listicle mill “for exposure.”
Brightwell has written for Angels Walk LAAmoeblogBoom: A Journal of CaliforniadiaCRITICSHidden Los Angeles, and KCET Departures. His art has been featured by the American Institute of Architects, the Architecture & Design Museum, the Craft ContemporaryForm Follows FunctionLos Angeles County Store, the book SidewalkingSkid Row Housing Trust, and 1650 Gallery. Brightwell has been featured as subject in The Los Angeles TimesHuffington PostLos Angeles MagazineLAistCurbedLAEastsider LABoing BoingLos Angeles, I’m Yours, and on Notebook on Cities and Culture. He has been a guest speaker on KCRWWhich Way, LA?, at Emerson College, and the University of Southern California.
Brightwell is currently writing a book about Los Angeles and you can follow him on AmebaDuolingoFacebookGoodreadsInstagramMubiand Twitter.

Art Prints

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