California Fool’s Gold — A Pomona Valley Primer

BETWIXT THE BLOSSOM AND THE BOUGH — THE POMONA VALLEY
Pomona Valley Panorama

The Pomona Valley is located on the far eastern edge of Los Angeles County — actually straddling it andSan Bernadino County. The towns of Montclair, Ontario, San Antonio Heights and Upland are all located across the San Antonio River, on the San Bernardino side, in the Inland Empire.

Pomona Valley postcard

Since I’ve yet to expand beyond writing about towns and neighborhoods of LA County (and Orange County, which was formerly part of LA County) to San Bernadino and Riverside Counties, this Pomona Valley primer is focusing only on the Pomona Valley communities within Los Angeles County: Claremont, Pomona and La Verne. (San Dimas and Diamond Bar, which straddle the border of the Pomona and San Gabriel Valleys, I’ve chosen to include in the San Gabriel Valley.)

LOCATION OF THE POMONA VALLEY

Map of Pomona Valley (Los Angeles County portion)
Pendersleigh & Sons‘ Official Map of the Pomona Valley

The Pomona Valley is physically separated from the San Gabriel Valley to the west by the San Jose Hills. It’s separated from the Cucamonga Valley to the east by the Chino Hills. In 1893, the California Assembly voted overwhelmingly to create a new county in the region, with Pomona as its seat, to be known as San Antonio County. Obviously, that didn’t happen, but the Pomona Valley does have a distinct culture which may explain at least partially (although definitely not completely) why events there are covered by the OC Weekly and IE Weekly more than in the LA Weekly.

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE REGION

The Pomona Valley and surrounding lands were inhabited for thousands of years, prior to the Spanish Conquest, by the semi-nomadic Tongva, whose villages of Torojoatnga and Toibinga were located in the area. Once the Spaniards decimated their populations, the lands were divided into large ranchos. In 1837, Ygnacio Palomares and Ricardo Vejar were granted Rancho San Jose, in what is now much of far eastern Los Angeles County.

In 1872, after passing first to Mexico and then to the US, about 440 orange seedlings were planted in the valley and for many decades following, the Pomona Valley was dominated by citrus production as well as dairy farming. Population growth increased considerably in the first decades of the 20th century and again in the suburbanization that occurred following World War II. Nowadays, the population is approximately 50% Latino, 32% white, 8% Asian and 7% black, fairly similar demographically to the county at large.

And now, for the towns of the (Los Angeles County portion of) Pomona Valley:

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CLAREMONT

Claremont California

Claremont is both the wealthiest and most ethnically diverse of the three cities with a population that’s 64%white (mostly German and English), 16% Latino (mostly Mexican), 12% Asian (mostly Taiwanese) and 5% black. The first lots in Claremont went up for sale in 1887. Today it’s widely known for its schools (Claremont McKenna CollegeHarvey Mudd CollegePitzer CollegePomona CollegeScripps CollegeClaremont Graduate University and the Claremont School of Theology) and many trees, which have lead to it being nicknamed the “City of Trees and PHDs.” It’s well known to music fans as the home of radio’s KSPC. To read more about Claremont, click here.

POMONA

Central Park, Pomona, California Postcard

Lots in Pomona first went on sale in 1876 but, despite an enormous promotion, the population arrived slowly. Today Pomona is not only the youngest and poorest city of the three Pomona Valley towns… it’s also the largest, with a population over twice the size of the other two combined (it’s the seventh largest city in Los Angeles County after Los Angeles, Long BeachGlendale, Santa Clarita, Lancaster and Palmdale). That population is 64% Latino (mostly Mexican and Salvadoran), 17% white (mostly German), 10% black and 7% Asian.

Shirley Muldowney autographed photo

Pomona is also notably the home of the Fairplex, which hosts both the LA County Fair and the Auto Club Raceway at Pomona (formerly known as Pomona Raceway). Pomona’s also home of the historic Pomona Fox Theater which opened in 1931 (with a screening of The Minute Man). The Glass House is Pomona’s premier live music venue.

LA VERNE

United Methodist Church, La Verne, California

The name “La Verne” just sounds old and indeed its population is the oldest of the three towns. However, it used to sound even older, beginning its existence as Lordsburg, named after founder Isaac Lord. In 1917, as soon as Lord died, residents voted to change the name to the then-hip-sounding “La Verne.” Today it’s also the Pomona Valley’s least diverse town. Its demographics are 64% White (mostly German), 23% Latino (mostly Mexican) and 7% Asian (mostly Filipino). And, although possessing a comparatively low profile, Amoeba’s own Paul Vasquez DJed a party there thrown by David Koresh. Also, the church from The Graduate (and Wayne’s World 2) is there. And lastly, my ex-girlfriend (and Pomona native) Jessica Alba attended high school there.

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And so true believers, to vote for any towns in the Pomona Valley or any other Los Angeles County communities to be covered on the blog vote here. To vote for Los Angeles neighborhoods, click here. To vote for Orange County neighborhoods, vote here. Excelsior!

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Eric Brightwell is an adventurer, writer, rambler, explorer, cartographer, and guerrilla gardener who is always seeking writing, speaking, traveling, and art opportunities. He is not interested in writing advertorials, clickbait, listicles, or other 21st century variations of spam. Brightwell’s written work has appeared in AmoeblogdiaCRITICS, and KCET Departures. His work has been featured by the American Institute of Architects, the Architecture & Design Museum, the Craft & Folk Art MuseumForm Follows FunctionLos Angeles County StoreSkid Row Housing Trust, and 1650 Gallery. Brightwell has been featured in the Los Angeles TimesHuffington PostLos Angeles MagazineLAistEastsider LABoing Boing, Los Angeles, I’m Yours, and on Notebook on Cities and Culture. He has been a guest speaker on KCRW‘s Which Way, LA? and at Emerson College. Art prints of his maps are available from 1650 Gallery and on other products from Cal31. He is currently writing a book about Los Angeles and you can follow him on FacebookInstagram, and Twitter.

7 thoughts on “California Fool’s Gold — A Pomona Valley Primer

  1. Unfortunately you have been misinformed as to the Indigenous people of the area. There was never a group called tongva. ‘tongva’ is a self-named group taking advantage of the True people of the area, Gabrieleno Band of Mission Indians, KIZH Nation. This is an admission from the person who coined the term tongva “tongva is what we call ourselves in the present……..never was there a tribe called tongva.” http://digmagonline.com/1405/culture/is-csulb-really-on-an-indian-burial-ground/ You will find no historical research, data, or references prior to 1990 regarding the tongva. Go to http://www.gabrielenoindians.org for the evidence confirming the KIZH legitimacy and the fallacy of the tongvas. The KIZH have conducted certified genealogical research of the primary inventors of this Lord of the Flies group. They have NO native heritage-IMPOSTERS.
    We would be willing to sit down with you to show the truth of the KIZH existence. The KIZH Nation has been appointed the designated Tribe representing the San Gabriel Mountains National Monument declared by President Obama. Need I say more??

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    1. With all due respect, I am aware of the disagreement over the demonym of Tongva vs. Kizh. Whether or not it’s a modern coinage isn’t that much of a concern to me — they certainly didn’t refer to their language as Uto-Aztecan, historically, but times change. I’ve met Tongva who refer to themselves as Tongva so I will continue to do so.

      As for your assertion that there is no historical research, data, or references to Tongva prior to 1990, that is demonstrably false. A two minute search on the internet turned up the following sources, all of which referred to the people known as “Gabrieliños” to the Spanish as “Tongva.”

      issues of American Anthropologist (1905); issues of Science (1905); issues of Journal de la Société des américanistes (1905 and 1906); Studies of California Indians (1955); Studies of California Indians (1962); Languages, territories, and names of California Indian tribes (1966); Annual Report – Archaeological Survey (1967); Indian Education, 1969: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Indian Education of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, Ninety-first Congress, First Session, on Policy, Organization, Administration, and New Legislation Concerning the American Indians, Volume 2; The Indian Historian (1971); The Indian Historian (1973); Voices of Earth and Sky: Vision Search of the Native Americans (1976); Peoples of the sea wind: the native Americans of the Pacific Coast (1977); Handbook of North American Indians (1978); Encyclopedia of Indians of the Americas (1979); Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area Environmental Impact Report (1982); Native Americans of California and Nevada (1982); and Native Americans of the Pacific coast: peoples of the sea wind (1985)

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