For the self-congratulatory members of the cult of culinary authenticity, starvation is preferable to eating at a chain restaurant. Fast food in particular, with its industrial model of production, is the profane opposite of “artisanal.” The apparent mission of the chain — to appeal to as many people as possible — is anathema to the foodie’s pornographic fetishization of obscurity. The lower rated by the Health Department, the better and bonus points are awarded for leaky ceilings, clutter, flickering fluorescent tubes, layers of greasy dust, and lack of readable signage.
For fans of chains, the same qualities which repulse foodies are chief amongst their appeals. Their consistency means comfort and safety. Although there are variations in their menus from country to country, when a familiar international chain opens its like getting a package from a friend from overseas. Bright lights and sterility are plusses, almost as essential as unflattering employee uniforms and frequently creepy mascots.
Most of us, I assume, find ourselves somewhere between these poles. Sometimes (often when hungry, tired, and perhaps drunk) safe and boring is preferable to rolling the dice with the unknown. Or as Ralph Wiggum memorably put it when he once again spoke for us all, “I’m so hungry I could eat at Arby’s.”
Chains can be unfamiliar too, of course, but not too unfamiliar. My first banh mi was from a chain and finding myself please, I then delved more deeply into Vietnamese food. I assume that this is a familiar experience in Southern California, where both restaurants and people from Asia often enter into the US and vice versa. And what for the inexperienced is a chance to cautiously test the culinary waters, is a beacon from home for someone else — especially for emerging communities not yet developed into fully fledged enclaves or utterly assimilated.
It’s also tempting to draw broader conclusions about waves of culture based not just upon the rise and fall of global economies but the ebb and flow of chains across the landscape. What does it mean when a Taco Bell becomes a Thai BBQ, a Pizza Hut becomes a Korean BBQ, or a Beard Papa’s becomes a Blackball? Maybe nothing but it’s fun for me to think about which is another reason I’ve compiled this guide to Asian restaurant chains operating in Los Angeles, Asian-American chains operating in Asia, &c.
Aji Ichiban (優之良品) isn’t a fast food place nor is it, despite its name, Japanese. Aji Ichiban is actually a Chinese snack food chain, founded by Lai Chan Yuk Hing and Lai Hin Tai in 1993. The first American location opened in 2000 and locations in other states followed although now all non-California locations have closed, save for the location in Chicago’s Chinatown. Meanwhile, in Los Angeles County, there remain locations in Monterey Park and San Gabriel.
Ajisen Ramen (味千ラーメン) is a Japanese ramen chain founded in 1968 in Kumamoto, Japan. The founder, Liu Tan Hsiang (劉壇祥), is was actually Taiwanese, however, an immigrant from Meinong. The first Ajisen Ramen to open outside Japan did so in Taipei in 1972. Today there are also Ajisen Ramen locations in Australia, Cambodia, Canada, China, Guam, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, and the United States. In Southern California there are Ajisen locations in Century City, Irvine, Rowland Heights, and San Gabriel. Their mascot’s name is Chii-chan.
The first American location of Taiwan’s Bake Code Bakery & Café opened in San Gabriel in 2015. The items on the menu are a fusion of French and Taiwanese methods. There are international locations in Australia, Canada, and Malaysia. There are currently plans to open locations in Buena Park and Rowland Heights.
BANH MI CHE CALI
Bargain bánh mì chain Bánh Mì Chè Cali (or, as the sign on the original location states “Bánh Mì & Chè Cali Bakery” — although I’ve never heard anyone refer to it as such) was founded in the Little Saigon area of Westminster by Dong Nguyen in 1995, making it the first Vietnamese-American fast food chain that I know of. There are now also locations in Alhambra, El Monte, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Monterey Park, Pasadena, Rosemead, San Gabriel, and West Covina.
BCD TOFU HOUSE
BCD Tofu House was founded by Hee Sook Lee in Koreatown in 1996. Many of the locations are open 24 hours a day which I presume is why many regard it as something of a “Korean Denny’s.” “BCD” actually comes from “Bukchang-dong,” the Seoul neighborhood where Lee’s mother-in-law operated a restaurant. In Southern California there are locations in Buena Park, Cerritos, Koreatown, just outside of Koreatown (but still in Wilshire Center), Garden Grove, Reseda, Torrance, and Rowland Heights. There are also out-of-state BCD Tofu House locations in New Jersey, New York, Seattle, Tokyo, and Seoul.
Beard Papa’s (ビアード・パパ) was founded by Yuji Hirota in Osaka in 1999. The menu is all about pâte à choux filled with whipped cream custard of various flavors. There are about 160 locations of Beard Papa’s in Japan and 230 more around the globe. In Southern California there are locations in Arcadia, Fullerton, Irvine, Little Osaka (naturally), Gardena, Koreatown, and Little Tokyo.
Benihana was established by Hiroki “Rocky” Aoki in New York City in 1964. The specialty then, as now, is teppanyaki. The first restaurant outside New York opened in Chicago in 1968. Today there are locations around the world. In the Southland there are stores in Anaheim, Arcadia, Encino, Industry, Newport Beach, Ontario, Santa Monica, and Torrance.
BIBIBOP ASIAN GRILL
The Bibibop Asian Grill chain is currently taking over all local locations of ShopHouse Southeast Asian Kitchen, the defunct Southeast Asian-inspired chain co-founded in 2011 by Chipotle’s director of concept development, Tim Wildin, in 2011. Bibibop was founded in Columbus, Ohio by Charley Shin, who also founded Charley’s Philly Steaks.
BlackBall Taiwanese Dessert was founded in Taipei in 2006. The first American location of opened in San Gabriel in 2015. Recently a second American BlackBall opened in Garden Grove, where it replaced a Beard Papa’s. Their specialties are grass jelly, matcha, and aiyu jelly desserts. Internationally there are also locations in Australia, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore.
As the name implies, Boba Loca Juice & Coffee’s specialty is Taiwanese-style boba tea — although I’m not sure what makes is not just “crazy” but “loca.” Boba Loca was founded in 2001 by Korean-American Philip Chang, who later went on to found Yogurtland. There are locations in Artesia, Atwater Village, Bell, Buena Park, Burbank, Carson, Downey, Garden Grove, La Habra, La Palma, Long Beach, Manhattan Beach, North Hollywood, Norwalk, Riverside, Torrance, University Park, Van Nuys, West Covina, Westwood, and Whittier.
CHA FOR TEA
As with many Asian tea chains, Cha for Tea carries not just beverages but appetizers and entrees — although Cha for Tea’s are infused with tea. Locally there are locations in Alhambra, Irvine, Long Beach, and Pomona. It’s a subsidiary of Ten Ren’s Tea, based in Taipei, and there are Cha For Tea locations in Taiwan as well. It’s worth noting that there’s a vegetarian section on the menu.
Chatime (日出茶太) is a boba chain founded by Henry Wang Yao-Hui in 2005 in Hsinchu, Taiwan. In 2006 it opened its first location outside of Taiwan, in California and locally there are locations in Arcadia, Chino, Mission Viejo, and San Gabriel. Outside of Taiwan and California there are locations in 24 other countries.
Chowking (超群) is a Chinoy restaurant based in the Philippines where it was founded in 1985 by Robert Kuan. In 2000 it was taken over by rival Filipino fast-food chain, Jolibee. The focus of the menu is noodles, congee, lauriat, and dim sum. The first American location opened in West Covina in 1995 and today there are locally locations in Anaheim, Carson, Cerritos, Eagle Rock, Industry, North Hills, Panorama City, West Covina, and Wilshire Center. Outside California there are locations in Nevada and Washington.
Curry House CoCo 壱番屋 (or just “CoCo Ichi”) was founded in Ichinomiya, Japan in 1982. The first American location opened in Torrance and was followed by locations in Brentwood, Irvine, and Koreatown and today there are also international locations in China, Taiwan, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Hawaii, and California. One of the key features is the choice of spiciness on a pretty large scale and the prevalence of cheese. They also have a vegetarian curry now.
Curry House is a Japanese curry chain founded in Little Tokyo in 1983 and specializing in karē and “naporitan” spaghetti. There are also locations in Cypress, Gardena, Industry, Irvine, Koreatown, Little Osaka, Monterey Park, and Santa Ana. They too have a vegetarian curry now.
The first Daikokuya ramen restaurant opened in Little Tokyo in, I believe, 2001. At the original location there is seemingly always a long, slow moving line and it’s worth noting that there are also locations in Arcadia, Little Osaka, and Monterey Park. The restaurant was created by Bishamon Group, which also runs Bento-Ya, Ebisu, Midoh, OhJah, Oreno Yakiniku, Tamon, and in Tokyo, PentHouse Gastro Dining.
DIN TAI FUNG
The first Din Tai Fung (鼎泰豐) was founded in Taipei in 1972 by Yang Bingyi and Lai Penmei. The first international location opened in Japan in 1996. Today there are locations in Australia, China, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and the US. The first American location opened in Arcadia in 2000 and was followed by a second location, pretty much next door. Now there are locations in Costa Mesa and Glendale — where wait is usually pretty tortuous — and more distantly, in Washington. The specialty is xiaolongbao but they’ve got a menu which, although large, is worth exploring thoroughly.
Duke Bakery is a Japanese-European fusion bakery founded by Singapore-based Taiwanese baker Allen Tsai. The first American location opened in Rowland Heights in 2015. There are also local locations in Arcadia, Costa Mesa, and Irvine and locations are soon set to open in Glendale and Pasadena.
85°C BAKERY CAFE
Taiwan’s self-serve 85°C Bakery Café (85度C) was founded by Wu Cheng-Hsueh in Yonghe in 2004. There are now international locations in Australia, China, and the US. The first American location opened in Irvine in 2008. Locations in Alhambra, Gardena, Hacienda Heights, Pasadena, Torrance, and West Covina followed. The specialty is coffee and baked goods. It’s sometimes characterized as the “Starbuck’s of Taiwan” which, I suppose, is pretty fair although Starbuck’s never had sea salt coffee.
The first Goldilocks opened in Makati, Philippines in 1966 — named after a fairytale character known for breaking and entering into the home of a family of bears. The company’s co-founders three women (not bears) — Milagros Leelin Yee, Clarita Leelin Go, and Doris Wilson Leelin. Their first international location opened in Artesia in 1976 and there are locally locations in Carson and Cerritos. There were previously more but the aunties’ American nephews broke from the chain and created Leelin Bakery in 2013 in an attempt to broaden their clientele beyond Pinoys in search of digital portrait cakes and traditional merienda items.
David Lee opened the first location of the Taiwanese-American chain, Guppy House, in Cerritos in 2002. The chain’s specialities include boba, grass jelly, smoothies, shave ice, and other (including alcoholic) beverages. There are locations in Anaheim, Chino Hills, Downey, Fullerton, Hacienda Heights, Irvine, Lakewood, Pasadena, and Whittier.
HAI DI LAO
The Chinese hot pot chain Hai Di Lao was founded in 1994 in Jianyang, Sichuan. Since then international locations have opened in Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and California. The first US location opened in Arcadia in 2013.
HALF & HALF TEA EXPRESS 伴伴堂
The first location of Half & Half Tea Express opened in San Gabriel in 2008, where it was founded by Taiwanese immigrant, Momo Wu. Half & Half’s specialties are hot honey boba and iced milk drinks. Today there are also locations in Arcadia, Industry, Monterey Park, Pasadena, and Rowland Heights.
Jollibee was founded in Quezon City, Philippines by Tony Tan Caktiong. Tan was the son of immigrants from Fujian and in 1975 opened a Magnolia Ice Cream. In 1978, management consultant Manuel C. Lumba convinced Tan to add hot dogs to the menu and items like hamburgers, filipino spaghetti, and “chickenjoy” followed. The Jollibee mascot, an anthropomorphic and pants-less bee, was introduced in 1980. The first American location opened in Daly City in 1998 and today there are more than 3,000 Jollibee locations. Locally there are Jollibees in Anaheim, Carson, Cerritos, Eagle Rock, Panorama City, and West Covina.
L&L HAWAIIAN BBQ
L&L Hawaiian Barbecue was founded in Honolulu as L&L Drive-Inn by Johnson Kam and Eddie Flores, Jr. in 1976. The first mainland location opened in California in 1999, renamed “L&L Hawaiian Barbecue” in an effort to appeal to haoles unfamiliar with the chain’s specialty, the plate lunch (pā mea ʻai) — although it arguably has more in common with bento or meat-and-threes than it does proper barbecue. Internationally there are locations in Guam, Japan, and New Zealand. Locally there are locations in Alhambra, Anaheim, Brea, Carson, Cerritos, Cypress, Eagle Rock, El Segundo, Fullerton, Gardena, Glendale, Hawthorne, Huntington Beach, Industry, Irvine, La Verne, Long Beach, Northridge, Norwalk, Oxnard, Pasadena, Pico Rivera, Rancho Cucamonga, Redondo Beach, Santa Clarita, Santa Monica, Thousand Oaks, Torrance, Walnut, and West Covina.
Chieu Lê, and his son, Minh Lê, founded bánh mì chain Lee’s Sandwiches in 2001, with an emphasis not just on bánh mì but French baked goods, desserts, and cà phê sữa đá. The first Lee’s Sandwiches opened on Bolsa Avenue in Westminster’s Little Saigon. Restaurants have since opened in Arizona, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah and, internationally, in Taiwan. Locally there are locations in Alhambra, Anaheim, Artesia, Bellflower, Commerce, Cypress, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Hawaiian Gardens, Huntington Beach, Lake Balboa, Long Beach, Monterey Park, North Hills, Pasadena, Rosemead, Rowland Heights, Santa Ana, Stanton, Torrance, and Westminster.
Leelin Bakery was founded in Cerritos in 2013 by Mendrei, Menard, Michael Leelin — nephews of the founders of Goldilocks. After breaking with their aunties, all former Goldilocks locations became Leelin Bakeries — although the aunts have fired back with new, stateside locations of Goldilocks. There are Leelin Bakery locations in Cerritos, Eagle Rock, North Hills, Panorama City, Santa Fe Springs, West Covina, and Wilshire Center.
Lollicup Coffee & Tea (樂立杯) is a Taiwanese-American chain founded in 2000 in San Gabriel by Alan Yu and Marvin Cheng. Their specialty is boba although they also serve jellies, juices, smoothies, and food items like popcorn chicken. There are international locations in Chengdu, China and domestically in seven states. Locally there are locations in Alhambra, Arcadia, Chinatown, Diamond Bar, Garden Grove, Irvine, Little Osaka, Little Saigon, Riverside, Rowland Heights, Walnut, West Covina, and Westminster.
Loving Hut is a chain founded by Supreme Master Ching Hai (née Hue Dang Trinh), spiritual leader of the Supreme Master Ching Hai International Association, a cult with a large following in Taiwan. There are international locations in 33 countries and domestic locations in fifteen of the United States. The menus vary considerably from location to location but all are exclusively vegan. Locally there are locations in Claremont, Ladera Ranch, Orange, and Upland. The only location at which I’ve eaten, the Alhambra one, closed in 2014.
Max’s Restaurant (also known as Max’s of Manila) was founded in the Philippines in 1945 by by Stanford-educated Maximo Gimenez. They specialize in fried chicken and various Filipino dishes such as crispy pata, kare-kare, litsón kawalî, lóngsilog, nilagang báka, sinigang, and tapsilog. It began franchising in 1998 and now, internationally, there are locations in Canada, Hawaii, New Jersey, Nevada and locally, Glendale and Santa Barbara.
Mr. Baguette is a bánh mì chain founded by Bryant Tang in the Vietnamese capital of the San Gabriel Valley, Rosemead, in 2003. Today there are also locations in El Monte, the Financial District, Little Saigon, Monterey Park, and Westminster. Their bánh mì is similar to that of other chains, although it’s my opinion that nothing was ever improved by the presence of American cheese.
The pan-Asian (well, Thailand, Japan, Vietnam, and China, anyway) chain Noodle World was founded in Monterey Park in 1993. There are now also locations in Westwood, Pasadena, Alhambra, San Marino, Downey, Upland, and Hollywood. I believe that the Pasadena Noodle World, in Old Town, is where the Penny Lane that I worked at used to be.
Thai-Chinese chain Ocha Thai (which includes Ocha Restaurant, Ocha Classic Restaurant, Ocha Classic 2, Little Ocha in the Valley, Little Ocha Extra) has locations in Little Bangladesh, Panorama City, Thai Town, Valley Glen, Van Nuys, and Wilshire Center.
OHANA POKE CO.
ONO HAWAIIAN BBQ
Ono Hawaiian BBQ was established by brothers Joe and Joshua Liang in 2002 in Sawtelle. Following the lead of L&L Hawaiina BBQ, they chose to insert the “BBQ” into their name instead of plate lunch — theirs consisting of two scoops of rice, one scoop of mac salad, and choice of entree (none of which are vegetarian) served over a bed of steamed cabbage. With locations in Alhambra, Apple Valley, Buena Park, Carson, Chino, Compton, Culver City, Downey, Fontana, Gardena, La Habra, Little Armenia, Mira Loma, Miracle Mile, Monterey Park, Moreno Valley, Perris, Pomona, Rancho Cucamonga, Redlands, Riverside, Rosemead, Rowland Heights, San Pedro, Santa Fe Springs, South Gate, Temple City, University Park, Upland, Walnut Park, and West Covina.
Panda Express, the largest American Chinese chain in the US, began in Glendale in 1983, where it was founded by Andrew and Peggy Cherng, and their father, Yangzhou native, Ming Tsai Cherng. Its predecessor Panda Inn, was founded in Pasasdena in 1973. Panda Express locations used to be limited only to the food courts of malls (the first location was in the Glendale Galleria) but there are stand-alone locations now, the first having opened in Hesperia in 1997. Internationally, there are now Panda Express locations in Canada, Korea, and Mexico. It is so prevalent in Southern California that I’m not even going to attempt to list them.
The predecessor of Paris Baguette (or “Pariba” as it is colloquially known) was Paris Croissant, which opened in 1986 and was also created by the SPC Group. The first Paris Baguette opened in 1988. The first American location opened in Koreatown. Now there are local locations in Arcadia, Buena Park, Cerritos, Diamond Bar, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Glendale, Irvine, Rowland Heights, and West Covina. In 2014 a Paris Baguette even opened in Paris and there are also international locations in China, Singapore, and Vietnam.
Phoenix Food Boutique was founded in 1965, in Chinatown, founded by Katai and May Chang. The specialty is Cantonese cuisine — items including cold boneless steamed chicken, fried chitterling, lettuce cups, salted anchovies in steamed ground pork, and thousand year old egg porridge with pork. The second location, in Alhambra, only opened in 1997. Today there are also locations in Arcadia, Garden Grove, Gardena, Monterey Park, Rowland Heights, San Gabriel, South Pasadena, and Temple City.
PICK UP STIX
Pick Up Stix was founded by Charlie Zhang, who came to the US in 1982 and opened the first Pick Up Stix in Rancho Santa Margarita in 1989. Their specialty, house special chicken, is a dark meat chicken with a sauce made from soya and brown sugar. It was acquired by Carlson Restaurants Worldwide in 2001 and in turn by Mandarin Holdings Group in 2010. Outside California there are locations in Arizona and Nevada. There are about 50 locations in the Southland alone so I’m not going to list them.
Pinkberry was created by Young Lee and Hye Kyung Hwang in 2005, who opened their first store in West Hollywood. A second store followed in 2006 and today there are locations in 21 different countries. In 2015 the chain was acquired by Kahala Brands. The chain’s distinctly designed interiors, furnished with Philippe Starck furniture and lit by Le Klint, are almost as well known as the fact that their tart, frozen dessert doesn’t meet every definition of being frozen yogurt. Locally there are locations in Azusa, Beverly Hills, Brentwood, Burbank, Culver City, Glendale, El Segundo, Fairfax, Hermosa Beach, Hollywood, Koreatown, La Cañada, Little Tokyo, Los Feliz, Marina del Rey, Monrovia, Northridge, Playa Vista, Santa Monica, Studio City, Torrance, and Westchester.
Poké Bar‘s roots lie in Yanagi Sushi, which opened in Northridge in 1990. I believe the first Poké Bar opened in West Hollywood in 2015 and now the chain has expanded to several states.
Poké Me, so far, has two locations — one in Westwood and a second in the Miracle Mile.
PREMIER DESSERT ART 尚品甜艺
Premier Dessert Art was founded by Vicki Leung, who immigrated to the US in 2001 from Hong Kong. After returning to China to attend culinary school, she opened the first Premier Dessert Art in 2014 in Monterey Park today there are locations in Arcadia, El Monte, and West Covina. Their specialties are the whipped cream and mango filled mango roll and gai daan jai.
With over 2,000 locations in seventeen countries, Quickly (快可立) is one of the largest boba chains in the world. It was founded by Nancy Yang in Taiwan in 1996, making it the oldest boba chain operating in Los Angeles. Locally there are locations in Alhambra, Arcadia, Artesia, Carson, Chinatown, Fullerton, Gardena, Hacienda Heights, Irvine, Irwindale, Koreatown, Monterey Park, Rowland Heights, San Gabriel, Temple City, Van Nuys, and West Covina.
RED RIBBON BAKESHOP
Red Ribbon Bakeshop was founded in 1979 by Amalia Hizon and Renato Mercado in Quezon City. The first overseas location of Red Ribbon opened in West Covina in 1984. Their specialities are the mango and ube cakes. The chain was acquired by Jollibee in 2005 and today there are domestically Red Ribbon locations in Arizona, Hawaii, Nevada, New Jersey, Texas, Virginia, and Washington. Locally there are locations in Glendale, Panorama City, and Wilshire Center.
Korean-American fast food chain Sorabol was founded in Northern California in 1979. Today there are locations in Nevada and plans to enter New York and Washington, DC. Locally there are locations in Canoga Park and Sherman Oaks — both located, as with all locations, in the food courts of malls.
Tapioca Express (品客多) is a Taiwanese-American boba chain. It was founded in Alhambra in 1999 by Cheng-Wei Lin and today there are local locations in Arcadia, Cerritos, El Monte, Lakewood, Long Beach, San Gabriel, South El Monte, Van Nuys, and West Covina as well as Nevada.
TEA STATION 加州茶棧
Tea Station (加州茶棧), an American subsidiary of Taiwan’s Ten Ren Tea Company, was founded in 1996 in San Gabriel by Jimmy Huang, Taiwanese-immigrant and nephew of Ten Ren CEO Ray Ho Lee. Today there are local locations in Alhambra, Artesia, Gardena, Industry, Irvine, and Temple City and more distant locations in San Diego, San Jose, and Las Vegas.
Ten Ren’s Tea Time was founded by Lee Rie-Ho, who moved to Gangshan in 1953 where he opened Ming-Fung tea shop. He then founded Ten Ren’s tea shop in Tainan in 1961. In the US there are locations in Alhambra, Arcadia, Industry, Monterey Park, Riverside, Rowland Heights, and Walnut.
The first Thai BBQ (also known as Thai Original BBQ & Restaurant) opened in 1978 in Wilshire Center. There are now Thai BBQ locations in Carson, Cerritos, Covina, Glendale, Palms, Redondo Beach, Santa Clarita, Tarzana and Thai Town (which opened in a former Taco Bell in 2006). There are also locations in Las Vegas and Northern California.
TOM N TOMS COFFEE
Tom N Toms Coffee (탐앤탐스) was founded in Seoul in 2001. Today there are locations in Australia, China, Malaysia, Mongolia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and California. Locally there are locations in Koreatown, Little Tokyo, St. Andrews Square, and Wilshire Center.To be honest, both times I’ve been it was more for the abandunce of outlets.
TOUS LES JOURS
Tous Les Jours (뚜레쥬르) was founded in Guri, Korea by the CJ Foodville group (formerly part of Samsung) in 1997. Tous Les Jours Korean Bakery was launched in the US in 2004. Their specialties are bread, cakes, and sandwiches. Today there are over 1,300 locations in Cambodia, China, the Philippines, Vietnam, and the US. Locally there are locations in Diamond Bar, Garden Grove, Indonesia, Irvine, Koreatown, Malaysia, and Northridge.
UNCLE TETSU JAPANESE CHEESECAKE
Uncle Tetsu Japanese Cheesecake was founded by Tetsushi Mizokami in Hakata in 1985. The international chain opened their first US location in Honolulu. The second opened in Arcadia. As you’d rightfully expect from the name, the specialty is cheesecake — specifically the fluffy カステラ (castella) version closely associated with Nagasaki — an a reminder of Portugal’s presence in Japan in the 16th century.
Vim Thai Restaurant (sometimes listed as Vim Thai-Chinese) has locations in Koreatown, Larchmont, Melrose Hill, Panorama City, and Thai Town. The first location opened in 1980. In Jonathan Gold‘s book, Counter Intelligence, he noted the chain’s largely Latino customer base, something which struck me the first time I entered the Thai Town location and every diner appeared to be Latino.
The self-serve frozen yogurt chain Yogurtland was founded in 2006 by Philip Chang (who’d earlier founded Boba Loca) in Fullerton. Today there are international locations in Australia, Guam, Mexico, Thailand, the UAE, and Venezuela.
Yoshinoya (吉野家) is a Japanese chain, the specialty of which is gyūdon. Its roots go back to 1899, when Eikichi Matsuda (松田栄吉) opened a food stall in the Nihonbashi fish market. The first franchise opened many years later, in 1968. The first American store opened in Denver, Colorado in 1975 although today the chain is limited in the US to Nevada and California. With about 100 locations in California, most in the south, I’m not going to bother to list them.
Young Dong was founded by Ho Bin and Jun Suk Choi in 1996, who opened the first store in Koreatown. Their specialties is seolleongtang and kimchi. Today there are locations in Arcadia, Buena Park, and Chino Hills.
Eric Brightwell is an adventurer, writer, rambler, explorer, cartographer, and guerrilla gardener who is always seeking writing, speaking, traveling, and art opportunities — or salaried work. He is not interested in writing advertorials, clickbait, listicles, or other 21st century variations of spam. Brightwell’s written work has appeared in Amoeblog, diaCRITICS, and KCET Departures. His work has been featured by the American Institute of Architects, the Architecture & Design Museum, the Craft & Folk Art Museum, Form Follows Function, Los Angeles County Store, Skid Row Housing Trust, and 1650 Gallery. Brightwell has been featured in the Los Angeles Times, Huffington Post, Los Angeles Magazine, LAist, Eastsider LA, Boing Boing, Los Angeles, I’m Yours, and on Notebook on Cities and Culture. He has been a guest speaker on KCRW‘s Which Way, LA? and at Emerson College. Art prints of his maps are available from 1650 Gallery and on other products from Cal31. He is currently writing a book about Los Angeles and you can follow him on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter.
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