Nobody Drives in LA — Exploring the Metro Green Line: From Nowhere to Nowhere and All Points in Between

Nobody Drives in LA

With bicycles, buses, ferries, planes, rideshares, sidewalks, subways, taxis, and trains at Angelenos’ disposal, why would any sane person choose car-dependency? Nobody Drives in LA celebrates sense and sensibility in transportation.


Pendersleigh & Sons Cartography's map of the Green Line
Pendersleigh & Sons Cartography‘s map of the Green Line

On 26 July 2013 the Metro Gold Line celebrated its tenth birthday, an occasion that did not go unreported by much of the local media, who in some cases described the line as the Metro’s “most lovable light rail line” as well as its “most picturesque.” 12 August is the 18th birthday of the Metro Green Line, an event that I suspect will likely receive comparatively muted fanfare. The Green Line, when mentioned at all, is most often disparaged as “the train from nowhere to nowhere.”

The Green Line was, until recently, the only Metro rail line of which I had not ridden the entire length. When I mentioned my intention to write about it most friends told me that they’d never been on it, and several even asked where it was. For those who are familiar with the Green Line, they likely know it as the rail that doesn’t quite reach either the ocean or LAX. If they think about it further, they might realize that it’s also the only Metro rail line that doesn’t connect to Downtown Los Angeles.

It might come as a surprise then that according to Metro’s most recent figures, more people ride the Green Line than the Gold. It’s also the fastest of the light rail lines, due to its not intersecting with any streets. Finally, although it doesn’t connect to anything that most would consider to be major tourist traps, it does carry commuters not just between home and work, but also to shopping and dining destinations, as well as lesser-known attractions.

The existence of the Green Line is indelibly tied to that of the 105 Freeway, a roadway whose march to the sea destroyed more than 8,000 homes and displaced more than 25,000 people. As a conciliatory gesture, the middle of the freeway was left open for some form of rapid transit. For most of its route, the Green Line thus passes between the lanes that connects the South Bay cities of southwest Los Angeles County to the Gateway Cities of Southeast Los Angeles County, and neighborhoods of South Los Angeles between. Construction of the Green Line began in 1987 when those regions were home to a massive aerospace industry and much of its workforce. However, the end of the Cold War and the Los Angeles Riots radically altered the character of South Los Angeles and neighboring communities of Los Angeles County (although the aerospace industry still employs a massive, if reduced, workforce).

Norwalk - Bee hive theme
Norwalk – Bee hive theme

The Green Line’s eastern terminus is in the suburban city of Norwalk, in the Studebaker neighborhood, at the eastern terminus of the 105 Freeway where both the Green Line and freeway abruptly end. The freeway was originally designed to connect to the 5 Freeway but reports suggested that that freeway couldn’t handle the additional traffic. On the other side of the freeway is Metrolink‘s Norwalk/Santa Fe train station, just over two and a half miles east from the Green Line’s easternmost station, and frustratingly unconnected except by surface streets.

Norwalk - makeshift bridge and pedestrian path
Norwalk – makeshift bridge and pedestrian path

Norwalk Station seems oriented toward bus riders and motorists, but pedestrians schlep along the sidewalk-less landscape along the freeway on an improvised trail. Most of the rest of the lot serving the station is walled off from Norwalk, and the only official pedestrian exit is north on Hoxie Avenue toward a quiet neighborhood. Nearby to the west are the San Gabriel River Mid Trail and the cities of Downey and Bellflower.

Norwalk - Is this transit oriented development?
Norwalk – Is this transit oriented development?


Downey - Columbia Memorial Space Center-thumb-600x448-57495
Downey – Columbia Memorial Space Center
Downey - Downey Wall of (Un)Fame-thumb-600x448-57497
Downey – Downey Wall of (Un)Fame

After crossing the San Gabriel River the Green Line reaches Lakewood Boulevard Station in Downey, near the cities of Bellflower and Paramount (traversed by the rail line but not home to any stops). Downey was the home of The Carpenters, and is also famed as the birthplace of Taco Bell. The area north of the station was formerly the home of a Rockwell plant, which assembled air and spacecraft until its closure in 1999. The property is now home to a hospital, a park, a shopping complex, and the Columbia Memorial Space Center, a learning center geared towards children. South of the station is the old Downey Cemetery.

Downey - Train leaving the station
Downey – Train leaving the station


Downey - Plaza Mexico-thumb-600x448-57499
Downey – Plaza Mexico
Long Beach - Mostly naked hot dog applying condiments-thumb-600x448-57527
Long Beach – Mostly naked hot dog applying condiments

After crossing the Los Angeles River, the Green Line arrives in the city of Lynwood at Long Beach Boulevard. South of the station there’s a small, circular park called Rose Park. North is a park of similar shape and size called Carnation Park. Both were originally landscaped with their eponymous flowers, but are currently dominated by grass and palm trees. The biggest attraction near the station is Plaza Mexico – a theme park version of a Mexican pueblo with loads of statues, shops, music and dining, including the charming, and delicious La Huasteca.

Long Beach - Olmec colossal head
Long Beach – Olmec colossal head


Willowbrook - Willowbrook Station-thumb-600x448-57576
Willowbrook – Willowbrook Station
Willowbrook - Public Library-thumb-600x448-57574
Willowbrook – Public Library

Willowbrook Station (aka Willowbrook/Rosa Parks fka Imperial/Willmington) is located on the border between the Los Angeles neighborhood of Watts and the unincorporated county community of Willowbrook. Willowbrook is probably best known locally for being home to the scandal-plagued King/Drew Medical Center, nicknamed “Killer King.” Just south of the station are the Kenneth Hahn Plaza shopping center and the small Willowbrook Library. Just west of the station are the Nickerson Gardens, the largest housing projects in the west, designed by pioneering black architect, Paul Revere Williams, and completed in 1955. Just east are the older Imperial Courts, built in 1944. Watts’s most iconic feature, Simon Rodia‘s Watts Towers, are located one stop north on the Blue Line, which shares service with the Green Line at Willowbrook.

Willowbrook - Kenneth Hahn Plaza
Willowbrook – Kenneth Hahn Plaza


Avalon - Stanley Wilson's Bridge of Culture
Avalon – Stanley Wilson’s Bridge of Culture

West of Compton Creek is Avalon Station, located in Harbor Gateway North, part of Los Angeles’s 1906 shoestring strip annex that connected the city to the Harbor in the south with a narrow strip of land. Just north are Century Cove and Century Palms, two recently named neighborhoods of South Los Angeles. The area around the station is almost entirely residential, with the notable exception of a few schools, churches and restaurants, including the strikingly-painted Bernard’s Burgers. A little bit further southeast is the pretty, 39 hectare Earvin “Magic” Johnson Park, which was known as Willowbrook Park until 1994.

Avalon - Bernard's Burgers
Avalon – Bernard’s Burgers
Avalon - Morocco Inn, built in 1906
Avalon – Morocco Inn, built in 1906


Harbor Freeway - Steve Appleton's City Imprints
Harbor Freeway – Steve Appleton’s City Imprints

Harbor Freeway Station is located at the massive Judge Harry Pregerson Interchange, the intersection of the 110 and 105 freeways, the Green and Silver Metro lines, numerous bus lines, and a Union Pacific railway. It’s located in Harbor Gateway North near the border of another newly-designated neighborhood, Magnolia Square. The area around the station is mostly residential and, due to the presence of the interchange, somewhat desolate.

For those who don’t live or work in the neighborhood, the interchange itself is probably the most interesting feature of the area. When completed in 1993, the 37 meter high interchange was the “biggest, tallest, most costly traffic structure yet built by California Department of Transportation.” Two years later it won an Award of Merit at the Excellence in Highway Design awards ceremony. Although no longer exceptional (Houston now has more than a half dozen similar interchanges), it’s still an impressive bit of design and engineering. It also includes, as do all the Green Line stations, station art — in this case Steve Appleton‘s City Imprints.

Harbor Freeway - the 105 Freeway and the Green Line
Harbor Freeway – the 105 Freeway and the Green Line
Harbor Freeway - Union Pacific railway tunnel and the Judge-thumb-600x448-57515
Harbor Freeway – Union Pacific railway tunnel and the Judge


Vermont-Athens - Local art by Kim Yasuda, Michelle T. Clint, and Rubén Martinez
Vermont-Athens – Local art by Kim Yasuda, Michelle T. Clint, and Rubén Martinez

The Vermont/Athens Station along Vermont Avenue is located near the intersection of the Los Angeles neighborhoods of Magnolia Square and Harbor Gateway North, and the unincorporated county communities of Athens and Westmont. Although Vermont is one of Los Angeles’s grandest north-south corridors, the section near the freeway is nowadays fairly barren. Its wide median was once home to an interurban rail line that connected the once busy commercial center around Vermont and Manchester with more distant corners of the city. Southside Christian Center first opened in 1950 as a 1,466 seat, single-screen movie theater, the Southside Theatre. A little further north is one of the last Jim Dandy Fried Chicken restaurants, once part of a large national fast food chain. Nearby too is L.A. Scooters, which has an interesting selection of two (and in a few cases, four) wheeled vehicles.

Vermont-Athens - One of the last two Jim Dandy restaurants
Vermont-Athens – One of the last two Jim Dandy restaurants
Vermont-Athens - Vermont Boulevar median -- formerly a trai-thumb-600x448-57584
Vermont-Athens – Vermont Boulevard median — formerly an interurban rail path


Crenshaw - Welcome the Hawthorne
Crenshaw – Welcome the Hawthorne

Crenshaw Station is located in the city of Hawthorne, just south of the city of Inglewood. Both communities are historically associated with the South Bay despite being located rather far from the Santa Monica Bay, and since its completion, further separated from the Beach Cities by the 405 Freeway. Nonetheless, the air here is noticeably cooler and sea gulls and descending jets both occupy the sky above. The adjacent area of Inglewood and its stretch of Crenshaw Boulevard is mostly residential, although Crenshaw Imperial Shopping Center is located just north.

Crenshaw - Hawthorne Municipal Airport Jet Center
Crenshaw – Hawthorne Municipal Airport Jet Center

The neighboring area of Hawthorne is dominated by big-box stores and parking lots east of Crenshaw, and Hawthorne Municipal Airport/Jack Northrop Field, Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX), and a large industrial warehouse area to the west. The airline’s Jet Center has recently also become the home to a Eureka! Tasting Kitchen. Just north of the airport next to the Dominguez Channel is the Beach Boys Historic Landmark, marking the site of the Wilson brothers’ childhood home that was demolished in the 1980s to make way for the 105 freeway.

Beach Boys Historic Landmark
Beach Boys Historic Landmark


Hawthorne-Lennox - Lennox Car Wash
Hawthorne/Lennox – Lennox Car Wash

After crossing over the Dominguez Channel, the Green Line arrives at a station on the border of the city of Hawthorne to the south and the unincorporated community of Lennox to the north. The area of Hawthorne near the station is mostly residential with the notable exception of a large dead mall, Hawthorne Plaza Shopping Center, built in 1977 and abandoned in 1999. On the other side of the freeway in Lennox, Hawthorne Boulevard is oriented toward motorists, featuring auto repair shops, car washes, car dealerships, drive-thrus, etc. Lennox Boulevard, which intersects it, is more pedestrian-oriented with its sidewalks more crowded than the street both by shoppers and merchandise. This is also the closest station to Inglewood’s Hollywood Park Casino.

Hawthorne-Lennox - jet descending
Hawthorne/Lennox – jet descending
HawthorneLennox - El Zorro Market-thumb-600x448-57523
Hawthorne/Lennox – El Zorro Market


Aviation/LAX Station
Aviation/LAX Station

Aviation/LAX is located, as the name suggests, at LAX — albeit at a corner of the property located about three miles from the nearest passenger terminal. When the Crenshaw line and people mover begin operations in 2019, another station will provide access to the airport and this station will thus be renamed. For the time being, there is a free shuttle connecting the terminals to the station (although the Green Line doesn’t run between 12:55 am and 3:35 am should your plane arrive then). Although not the closest Green Line station to the beach, LADOT‘s Commuter Express 438 also connects passengers from here to the coast in about fifteen minutes.

Aviation/LAX - Flyaway shuttles
Aviation/LAX – Flyaway shuttles

To the southwest is an area of the city of El Segundo dominated by Northrop Grumman, which, even from the station’s elevated vantage, seems to stretch all the way to Palos Verdes in the distance. To the southwest is the mostly residential, unincorporated community of Del Aire, which is home to a few restaurants and shops. Nearby to the north, in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Westchester, is Proud Bird, an aviation-themed restaurant and air museum. To the west is another flight-themed destination, Flight Path Learning Center and Museum.

Aviation/LAX - Ye Old Shack La Cantina in Del Aire
Aviation/LAX – Ye Old Shack La Cantina in Del Aire


Mariposa - Campus El Segundo
Mariposa – Campus El Segundo

After the Green Line departs from the 105, it winds leisurely southward through El Segundo. The first El Segundo Station is Mariposa, close enough to the ocean that one can smell it, but still 4.5 kilometers away. Nearby is a park popular with soccer and lacrosse players, Campus El Segundo. There’s also the Toyota Sports Center, a practice facility for several professional sports teams and a public skating rink. A little further west is the Automotive Driving Museum, which houses an impressive collection of classic cars. Closer to the station, a mid-century office building at Mariposa and Nash is home to several pieces of public art made by Gidon Graetz and Mark Stasz, whose work I recognized from having seen other examples along the Downtown Los Angeles’s Calvin S. Hamilton Pedway.

Mariposa - Public art in El Segundo
Mariposa – Public art in El Segundo
Mariposa - Inside ADM-thumb-600x447-57546
Mariposa – Inside ADM


El Segundo - Station art
El Segundo – Station art

El Segundo Station is located about half a mile from Mariposa in another part of the aerospace hub that’s home to Raytheon Space and the Aerospace Corporation (home to Charles C. Lauritsen Library). The aerospace industry is given a sly nod by the station art, Daniel J. Martinez‘s For Your Intellectual Entertainment, which depicts a large set of hands poised to launch a small, paper airplane. There’s little in the immediate vicinity for explorers besides tidily-landscaped business campuses, vast parking lots, and anonymous, mid-rise skyscrapers. A little west of the station is a golf course, The Lakes at El Segundo. South of that is the large Plaza El Segundo, the property of which includes ten salvage sculptures made by Phillip Glashoff.

El Segundo - Statue at Plaza El Segundo
El Segundo – Statue at Plaza El Segundo
El Segundo - The Lakes at El Segundo-thumb-600x447-57557
El Segundo – The Lakes at El Segundo


Douglas - Train bridges
Douglas – Train bridges

A mile south of El Segundo Station is Douglas Station, located near the city of Manhattan Beach and numerous shopping centers, including Beach Cities Plaza, Manhattan Gateway, Manhattan Village, the mixed use Continental Park, and coming soon – The Point (why not “The Point at El Segundo,” I wonder). Across from the Manhattan Towers office complex is an Air Products and Chemicals plant. At four kilometers from the coast, Douglas Station is also the closest Metro Green Line stop to the ocean.

Douglas - Manhattan Towers
Douglas – Manhattan Towers
Douglas - Future site of The Point-thumb-600x447-57591
Douglas – Future site of The Point


Redondo Beach - End of the line
Redondo Beach – End of the line

Redondo Beach Station is located in the city of Redondo Beach, on the border with Hawthorne and the city of Lawndale. Though one of the South Bay’s so-called “Beach Cities,” the station is located in landlocked North Redondo Beach near yet more Northrop Grumman properties. The air eerily crackles with electricity from Southern California Edison‘s large El Nido Substation, also located near the station. Beneath the buzzing transmission lines are the popular Aviation Park (including a large gymnasium) and the Redondo Beach Performing Arts Center.

Redondo Beach - Aviation Park
Redondo Beach – Aviation Park
Redondo Beach - Northrup Grumman-thumb-600x447-57567
Redondo Beach – Northrup Grumman


Redondo Beach - End of the line
Redondo Beach – End of the line

The plan is to extend the Green Line further south to Torrance Prefecture‘s planned Torrance Regional Connector. Its construction is set to take place on a larger, former industrial site located near Honda and Toyota‘s North American headquarters. Further down the line the Green Line will likely extend either to Long Beach or San Pedro. When that happens, exploring the totality of the metropolis will get that much easier… and enjoyable!


Eric Brightwell is an adventurer, writer, rambler, explorer, cartographer, and guerrilla gardener who is always seeking writing, speaking, traveling, and art opportunities — or salaried work. He is not interested in writing advertorials, clickbait, listicles, or other 21st century variations of spam. Brightwell’s written work has appeared in AmoeblogdiaCRITICS, and KCET Departures. His work has been featured by the American Institute of Architects, the Architecture & Design Museum, the Craft & Folk Art MuseumForm Follows FunctionLos Angeles County StoreSkid Row Housing Trust, and 1650 Gallery. Brightwell has been featured in the Los Angeles TimesHuffington PostLos Angeles MagazineLAistEastsider LABoing BoingLos Angeles, I’m Yours, and on Notebook on Cities and Culture. He has been a guest speaker on KCRW‘s Which Way, LA? and at Emerson College. Art prints of his maps are available from 1650 Gallery and on other products from Cal31. He is currently writing a book about Los Angeles and you can follow him on FacebookInstagram, and Twitter.

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6 thoughts on “Nobody Drives in LA — Exploring the Metro Green Line: From Nowhere to Nowhere and All Points in Between

  1. 76/77 bellflower Blvd Whittier rare to far from home dam how I remember the cops at bellflower didn’t play pulled me over said if I see u drive by again jail time to go lol I live in Cheyenne wy now can’t forget so call 👍


  2. Meters? Hectares? Are most of your readers in foreign countries? This is the USA! We use the old-school units of measure. And I presume your title “Nobody Drives in LA” is facetious. Anyone who rides the Gold Line in the middle of the 210 around 4:30 would question that statement.


    1. Most of my readers are Earthlings and most Earthlings are familiar with metric. Only a percentage of Americans are only familiar with British Imperial Units, the continued use of which is unpatriotic and smacks of colonial mentality. We were taught metric in American public schools, every scientist uses metric, every person in medicine uses metric, and the one third of Angelenos born abroad are primarily familiar with metric. For most of the world, “acres” and “miles” are as meaningless as furlongs, roods, fathoms, hundredweights, and slugs.

      And “nobody drives in LA” is both as true and as false as “nobody walks in LA” ever was. Idling in gridlock never struck me as “driving.”


      1. But the set “earthlings” includes the subset “Americans” (meaning citizens of the USA). And Americans have stoutly resisted complete “metrication”. SI units have made inroads in the field of firearms, they rule in the worlds of photography and medicine, but when I go to the lumber yard, building materials are still sold in feet, inches, pounds and gallons. American sports are firmly anchored in the traditional units, with 400-foot home runs, 50 yard lines, and 6 foot 10 inch tall basketball players. Maybe we Yanks are mired in the past, but many of us feel comfortable there. And even in England, where the SI is supposed to be the law of the land, characters in PBS shows set in present times still use “stone” (14 lb. or about 6 kg) in measuring a person’s weight.


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