Celebrating Kyrgyz Culture Amidst Violence

Kyrgzstan - kyrgyz boy and yurts

Although I’ve never been to Kyrgyzstan I’ve long wanted to go there. I initially became interested in the Central Asian region due primarily to its sheer obscurity relative to the rest of the continent. When you take an Asian Civ class, you’re unlikely to find Tajikistan on the course syllabus.

Ten years ago, when Napster made it possible to expose oneself to music otherwise outside one’s reach, in addition to searching for digitized wax cylinders, I used to often type the names of Central Asian countries and see what treasures I could find. The music of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan proved very appealing to me but nothing from the region resonates with me more than Kyrgyz music. To my unschooled ears, there’s a musical echo of every people that passed along the silk trail and many of the nation’s neighbors. I hear similarities with Turkmen, Kazakh, Mongolian, Russian and European Renaissance music… and even the shamanistic music of some Native Americans, whose ancestors inhabited Central and North Asia thousands of years ago.

When I first became interested in Kyrgyzstan, I didn’t know what Kyrgyz people look like. I’m assuming most of the world has no familiarity with Central Asians, that’s why the Jewish Sacha Baron Cohen could easily dupe most of us into thinking, with a smattering of Yiddish, that Borat was from Kazakhstan. If Central Asia had a higher profile, it’s unlikely that his prank would’ve worked as well as it did. My first exposure to real Kyrgyz was watching Aktan Abdykalykov’s film, Beshkempir, a restrained, well-made coming-of-age story. In the faces of the cast, you can see the diverse genetic admixture you’d expect of a people who live at a racial and continental crossroads.

Diversity is intrinsic to the Kyrgyz people. The term “Kyrgyz” is thought to mean “forty tribes,” a reference to the diverse peoples united by the Kyrgyz national hero, Manas, who banded together against the invading Chinese Khitan people. Today, Kyrgyzstan is still home to a variety of ethnicities. The Kyrgyz make up 69% of the population and are followed by 15% Uzbeks, 9% Russians, and smaller but significant populations of Tatars, Uyghurs, Tajiks, Kazakhs, Germans and Ukranians. Yet since regaining independence after many years of Soviet occupation, Kyrgyzstan has struggled to stabilize as one corrupt dictator has followed another corrupt dictator. And now, with the unfortunate violence flaring between some Kyrgyz and Uzbek, it seems that some parties in the region are attempting to create false divisions within a people who have more in common than separating them.

Roza Otunbayeva

Over the past few days, hundreds of people have died, thousands have been injured, and 30,000 Uzbeks have fled their homes. Interim leader Roza Otunbayeva, who may prove to be the first decent leader of the young nation, has appealed for outside assistance. The response from the international community has been negligible although the violence seems to be dying down. The United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the Collective Security Treaty Organization on Sunday announced their plan to coordinate efforts in helping Kyrgyzstan. If you’d like to help, please consider donating to Unicef, Médecins Sans Frontières and The Red Crescent.

Kyrgyz Baby

*****

Eric Brightwell is an adventurer, writer, rambler, explorer, cartographer, and guerrilla gardener who is always seeking writing, speaking, traveling, and art opportunities — or salaried work. He is not interested in writing advertorials, clickbait, listicles, or other 21st century variations of spam. Brightwell’s written work has appeared in AmoeblogdiaCRITICS, and KCET Departures. His work has been featured by the American Institute of Architects, the Architecture & Design Museum, the Craft & Folk Art MuseumForm Follows FunctionLos Angeles County StoreSkid Row Housing Trust, and 1650 Gallery. Brightwell has been featured in the Los Angeles TimesHuffington PostLos Angeles MagazineLAistEastsider LABoing BoingLos Angeles, I’m Yours, and on Notebook on Cities and Culture. He has been a guest speaker on KCRW‘s Which Way, LA? and at Emerson College. Art prints of his maps are available from 1650 Gallery and on other products from Cal31. He is currently writing a book about Los Angeles and you can follow him on FacebookInstagram, and Twitter.

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