NBC‘s The New Adventures of Philip Marlowe was the first of two radio dramas featuring Raymond Chandler‘s most enduring literary creation, hardboiled Los Angeles detective, Philip Marlowe. The program was popular
but short-lived, a summer replacement which kept a time slot warm and whose star after its conclusion returned to film. It was followed one year later by the even more popular The Adventures of Philip Marlowe on rival network, CBS.
Philip Marlowe was first introduced in the 1939 novel, The Big Sleep (although re-printings of earlier Chandler works would rename the title characters “Carmady” and “John Dalmas” as Philip Marlowe. In film it worked the other way, with Philip Marlowe being renamed “The Falcon” in his first two outings. Marlowe first appeared on screen as himself in 1944’s Murder, My Sweet. He was most famously played by Humphrey Bogart in 1946’s The Big Sleep. My favorite Marlowe, however,was Elliott Gould in 1973’s The Long Goodbye.
On radio, Philip Marlowe first appeared in 1945, in a Lux Radio Theater episode titled “Murder My Sweet.” NBC’s The New Adventures of Philip Marlowe debuted on 17 June 1947 starring Van Heflin as the detective. It was a summer replacement for The Pepsodent Show Starring Bob Hope and retained that series’ sponsor for its short duration, Pepsodent.
The New Adventures of Philip Marlowe debuted with an adaptation of one of Chandler’s best short stories, “Red Wind.” All of the series’ episodes were adapted by Milton Geiger (Perry Mason, Dragnet), who also wrote screenplays, theatrical works (Edwin Booth), and short stories. It was produced and directed by James Fonda, who would later produce television shows like The Amos ‘n Andy Show, You Are There, Dennis the Menace, Hazel and others).
The show’s music director was Lyn Murray, a composer, conductor, and arranger known for his earlier work (at CBS) with Bing Crosby, Burl Ives, and Louis Armstrong. The show’s announcer was Wendell Niles, a man whose voice was heard on a great many radio programs. In addition to Heflin it featured Harry Bartell, Lurene Tuttle, William Conrad, William Johnstone, and Gerald Mohr, who a year later would of course star as Philip Marlowe on CBS’s, The Adventures of Philip Marlowe.
“Red Wind” was followed by “Trouble Is My Business”, “Circus Story,” “King in Yellow,” “The Sandman,” “Gold Fish,” “The Orange Dog,” a second “Trouble Is My Business,” and five more episodes, the titles of which are lost. The finale of The New Adventures of Philip Marlowe concluded its thirteen episode run on 9 September after which the show’s slot was filled by Favorite Story.
Van Heflin almost immediately returned to film, next appearing on screen in Green Dolphin Street. The public was hungry for more Marlowe and, played by different actors, he subsequently showed up on Suspense, again on Lux Radio Theater, Hollywood Star Time, and the series, The Adventure of Philip Marlowe. Van Heflin ultimately acted in 66 film and television roles, his last being 1971’s The Last Child. On 6 June of that year he suffered a hear attack whilst swimming and after weeks in a coma, died on 23 July, aged 60. His ashes were scattered in the ocean.
Of the The New Adventures of Philip Marlowe’s thirteen episodes, only four are in circulation: The audition episode (“Who Shot Waldo?”), the premiere, the fourth, and the eighth episodes The easiest and free way to hear them is at the Internet Radio Archive. There, as with many sources, they’re lumped in with the many more circulating episodes of The Adventures of Philip Marlowe — despite the fact that the two series aired on different networks in different years, starred different actors, and had different crews and titles. You can also listen to them here: